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Eat more fruits and vegetables. Cut back on salt, saturated fat, and sugar. Switch to whole grains. Get your body moving.

Many people know all that and more. But how do you translate those broad strokes into the dozens of decisions you make every day? Here are 10 of our favorite tips to get 2024 started.  

1. Replace your meat (or starchy side dish) with beans or lentils.

bowl of French lentil stew on white cloth
Kate Sherwood - CSPI.

Legumes are packed with fiber, protein, potassium, magnesium, folate, and iron. That helps explain why beans (and lentils) are so good for you. Bonus: they’re delicious. Warm up your winter with this French Lentil Stew from Kate Sherwood, The Healthy Cook.

For extra credit, try eating more tofu and tempeh. They come from soybeans, so they're uber-nutritious, and five minutes is all it takes to sauté either of the plant proteins. And—unlike chicken or fish—both are nearly impossible to overcook. Warning: The Healthy Cook's Crispy Tofu is hard to resist.

2. Go nuts.

mixed nuts
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Nuts and seeds offer a little plant protein and plenty of healthy fats, plus nutrients like magnesium, zinc, and vitamin E. So sprinkle them on salads instead of croutons, which are usually salty white-flour bread. (For more flavor, toast the nuts first.)

More ideas: Top your yogurt or oatmeal with almonds or walnuts. Or try tahini (toasted sesame paste) in sauces or dressings. Use peanut butter in peanut curry, sesame noodles, or spicy peanut dressing.

Add nuts to savory salads and stir-fries:

3. Add veggies to boost the potassium and lower the salt per serving.

shallow white bowl of chicken and broccoli
Kate Sherwood - CSPI.

Add a pound of steamed broccoli or other veggie to your favorite Chinese or Thai take-out. Mix a bagged salad kit with a bag of undressed lettuce. Add a bed of baby spinach or kale to frozen meals. That way, each mouthful ends up with more potassium and less salt.

Cooking from scratch? Try one of The Healthy Cook's recipes that's already vegetable-rich:

4. Slash the sugar in your yogurt.

blue bowl filed with plain yogurt and some blueberries

You can’t go wrong with some fresh fruit plus plain Greek or regular yogurt, which has no added sugar. Try mixing in frozen wild blueberries or mango or stewed cinnamon apples. Mmm.

But plain yogurt isn’t for everyone. And many “light” yogurts cut sugar by adding acesulfame potassium and sucralose. Some good bets: Oikos Triple Zero, Oikos Pro, and Chobani Less Sugar. Or add your own fresh or frozen fruit to a 1% or 2% low-fat cottage cheese, like Good Culture, Daisy, or Friendship.

5. Sidestep sugary coffee drinks.

cold brew coffee with creamer
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The best coffee drinks mix espresso or coffee with milk, water, or ice, not sugary syrups, cream, or whipped cream. That means a regular latte or cappuccino, or an Americano (espresso plus water), black coffee, or iced coffee.

Tip: A regular (unflavored) latte or cappuccino is typically only espresso plus milk with no added sugar. Each pump of flavored syrup or packet of sugar adds about a teaspoon of sugar. At Starbucks, whipped cream adds at least 70 calories of cream and sugar.

6. Eat like a flexitarian.

chickpeas and vegetables in a tomato based sauce
Kate Sherwood - CSPI.

A diet that's low on meat (especially red meat) and dairy and heavy on plants is not just healthy for you, but also the planet. And because a flexitarian diet is mostly (but not 100 percent) plant-based, it's flexible. For more info, see our guide to eating like a flexitarian.

Some satisfying plant-based main dishes to get you started:

7. Take home half your restaurant meal.

open take out box of noodles and vegetables
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When researchers analyzed main dishes at independent and small-chain restaurants in Boston, the average entrée (with sides) had roughly 1,300 calories. That’s with no drink, appetizer, or dessert. And they looked at more than half a dozen cuisines, including Greek, Indian, Vietnamese, Mexican, Thai, Japanese, Chinese, and Italian. Doggy bag, anyone?

8. Add volume to your grains with vegetables.

large bowl filled with creamy mushroom farrow
Kate Sherwood - CSPI.

A serving of grains (half a cup) isn't much. It wouldn't even fill a tennis ball. Solution: Add sautéed or roasted veggies to your cooked brown rice or quinoa. Or toss your whole wheat pasta with grilled or sautéed mushrooms, bell peppers, and/or zucchini, or with sautéed spinach or kale. The vegetables are a twofer: They add flavor and lower calorie density (calories per bite).

More ideas:

9. Get excited about exercise.

woman doing exercises with a resistance band outside
Strength and balance training can help prevent falls and disability as you age.
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Exercise can seem overwhelming. But research shows that all amounts and types of exercise keep your brain and body in shape. Exercise can help us think better, sleep better (including falling asleep more quickly and sleeping more soundly), tamp down blood pressure, make insulin work better, and taper anxiety. And the benefits build up over time: People who exercise have a lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and many types of cancer.

How much? Aim for 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week (and don't forget about strength training). But every bit counts. Get your heart rate up as often as you can, even if it’s just for a few minutes at a time.

10. Try one of our strategies to help you say no to junk food. 

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Our environment is saturated in calories—cheap, tempting, unnecessary calories. You can’t run errands or take a trip to the mall without dealing with a constant barrage of junk foods. Human brains aren’t designed to say no to them, though they do our health no favors. Here are six strategies you can use to resist the flood of junk food fighting for your attention.

a bowl of oatmeal granola with peanuts blueberry and banana


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