“The government needs to compel the whole industry to prevent food waste rather than pushing the problem onto consumers,” says Jennifer Molidor of the Center for Biological Diversity. But you can still do your bit. “If there were a cash register on top of the garbage can that said, ‘Cha-ching! You threw away $32.73 of food over the past week,’ that might provide motivation to toss less,” says Ohio State’s Brian Roe. Here’s what may help.