Integrity in Science
Return to CSPI U.S.
SEARCH THE DATABASE of Scientists' and Non-Profits Ties to Industry

Lifting the Veil of Secrecy

WHO/International Agency for Research on Cancer

Press Releases

Resources

Conflicted Science: National Conference

CSPI's Funding Sources

Who We Are

Contact Us

 
< Return
Non-Profit Organizations with Ties to Industry

> Universities with Corporate Ties
 
To locate a Non-Profit Organization, search alphabetically by name or use the "find" ("control-f" for PC Users, "apple-f"  for Mac users) command of your browser.
 
THE ADVANCEMENT OF SOUND SCIENCE COALITION (TASSC) [defunct]
 
"Support comes from companies like Procter & Gamble, Exxon, Dow Chemical, and Philip Morris." [http://www.villagevoice.com/ink/goetz.html] (4/23/97)
 
Milloy's office is in the headquarters of APCO Associates, a Washington, D.C., PR firm that specializes in creating coalitions like TASSC. (Village Voice, April 29, 1997, p. 39)
 
[Environmental Working Group's (EWG) Web site, August 16, 1998] [T]his "sound science" coalition is supported by hundreds of corporations, including 3M, Amoco, Chevron, Dow Chemical, Exxon, General Motors, Occidental Petroleum, Philip Morris, Proctor & Gamble and W.R. Grace. Its objective is to act as a speakers bureau to deliver the corporate message that environmental public policy is not currently based on "sound science," and to counter excessive regulations that are based on what it considers "junk" science. O'Dywer's PR Services reports that TASSC is "leading the charge against what it views as the unholy alliance between environmentalists and the media" (Feb. 1996).
 
TASSC claimed to have 250 to 300 scientists as active members (Tulsa World, April 25, 1996).
 
TASSC was created in 1993 to promote "sound science" in policy decision making. TASSC is chaired by former New Mexico governor Garrey Caruthers, and claims a membership of over 400 corporations. In addition to many corporate representatives, TASSC's extensive advisory board contains well known "science skeptics" S. Fred Singer, Bruce Ames, Dr. Patrick Michaels, Michael Sanera, and Hugh Ellsaesser. (EWG)
 
Steven Milloy, executive director of TASSC, is a self styled "junk science" critic who previously launched the Junk Science Page through the Environmental Policy Analysis Network (EPAN), a group he started in 1996. Milloy is also a lobbyist for the EOP Group, a DC-based lobbying firm that represents the American Crop Protection Association, the Chlorine Chemistry Council, Edison Electric Institute, among others. Under Milloy's personal listing of groups he represents through the EOP Group in 1996 were Fort Howard Corp., the International Food Additives Association, and Monsanto. According to the most recent edition of Washington Representatives, Milloy's client list has grown to include the National Mining Association, among others. (EWG)
 
AIR QUALITY STANDARDS COALITION
 
[A] coalition of more than 500 businesses and trade groups..." Created specifically to battle the clean air proposals, the coalition operates out of the offices of the National Association of Manufacturers, a Washington-based trade group. Its leadership includes top managers of petroleum, automotive and utility companies..." (The Washington Post, 6/17/97)
 
ALLIANCE FOR THE PRUDENT USE OF ANTIBIOTICS
 
An organization that is "dedicated to promoting proper antibiotic use and curbing antibiotic resistance worldwide ... by raising public awareness through education and research projects on proper antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance." (http://www.healthsci.tufts.edu/apua/) According to its website, APUA projects are made possible through the support of private donations, government grants, individual memberships, and unrestricted grants from the following contributers:
  • AB Biodisk
  • AstraZeneca
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb Co.
  • The Clorox Company
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • LIBRA Initiative, Bayer AG, Pharmaceutical Division
  • Lilly Research Laboratories
  • Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical Inc. and the R.W. Johnson Pharmaceutical Research Institute of Johnson & Johnson
  • Pharmacia Corporation
  • Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals
  • Roche Pharmaceuticals and Roche Labs
  • Abbot Laboratories
  • Paratek Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • Alcon Research, Ltd.
  • Burstein Technologies, Inc.
  • Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • DSM Anti-Infectives, B.V.
  • Essential Therapeutics, Inc.
  • Wyeth-Ayerst Research
(http://www.healthsci.tufts.edu/apua/About_us/corporations.html; accessed 7/16/02)
 
APUA formed a coalition with Bristol-Myers Squibb, SmithKline Beecham, and the infectious diseases services company MRL to create the Global Advisory on Antibiotic Resistance Data (GAARD) to monitor antibiotic resistance (Reuters Health, Sept. 18, 2000)
 
ALLIANCE TO SAVE ENERGY

According to its website, the Alliance to Save Energy is a non-profit coalition of business, government, environmental and consumer leaders. The Alliance supports energy efficiency as a cost-effective energy resource under existing market conditions and advocates energy-efficiency policies that minimize costs to society and individual consumers, and that lessen greenhouse gas emissions and their impact on the global climate.
The following is a partial list of Alliance Associates; names in bold are Founders, Associates that gave $25,000 or more in 2002:
  • 3M Company
  • ABB
  • AT&T Foundation
  • Alliance for the Polyurethane Industry
  • American Gas Association
  • Andersen Corporation
  • Armstrong International
  • Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions
  • Battelle
  • BC Hydro
  • BP
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • California Energy Commission
  • Calmac Manufacturing Corporation
  • CMC Energy Services, Inc.
  • Cardinal Glass Industries
  • CertainTeed Corporation
  • City of Austin/Austin Energy
  • Conservation Management Corporation
  • Dewey Ballantine
  • Edison Electric Institute
  • Electricity Innovation Institute
  • E-Mon LP
  • EPS Capital Corp.
  • Exelon Corporation
  • Fannie Mae Foundation
  • Gemstar Group
  • Goodman Global Holdings, Inc.
  • Great Lakes Window
  • Home Depot
  • Honeywell
  • International Copper Association
  • IBM
  • Johns Manville
  • Johnson Controls, Inc.
  • Knauf Fiber Glass
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Lithonia Lighting
  • Los Angeles Department of Water and Power
  • Maytag Corporation
  • Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance
  • National Grid USA
  • National Insulation Association
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • New York State Energy Research & Development Authority
  • North American Insulation Manufacturers Association
  • Nexant, Inc.
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Ontario Power Generation
  • OSRAM SYLVANIA
  • Pacific Gas & Electric Company
  • Perseus, LLC.
  • Polyisocyanurate Insulation Manufacturers Association
  • Sacramento Municipal Utility District
  • Sandia National Laboratory
  • SchlumbergerSema
  • Sempra Energy
  • Solar Energy Industries Association
  • Spirax Sarco
  • Swagelok
  • Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Texas A&M University--Energy Systems Laboratory
  • Texas State Energy Conservation Office
  • Washington Gas
  • Whirlpool Corporation
  • World Wildlife Fund
  • Xenergy, Inc.
(http://www.ase.org/profess/associates/list.htm; accessed 2/24/03)

ALZHEIMER'S ASSOCIATION
 
In 1997, Athena gave the nonprofit Alzheimer's Association a $100,000 grant to organize a panel to look at the usefulness of Alzheimer's tests. (Boston Phoenix, April 29 - May 6, 1999)
 
AMERICAN ACADEMY OF FAMILY PHYSICIANS (FOUNDATION)
 
Charges $3,000 ($200 for nonprofits) to endorse an educational material (judgments made by a panel of 3). (AAFP/Cheryl Denslow, 11/97)
 
AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS
 
"Friends of Children Fund" Annual Report, July 1, 1996 - June 30, 1997, indicates $2.085 million in funding from corporations. Donors include Procter & Gamble, Gerber, Infant Formula Council, McNeil Consumer Products Company, National Cattlemen's Beef Association, Johnson & Johnson Consumer Products, Abbott Laboratories, Wyeth-Lederle Vaccine & Pediatrics, Mead Johnson Nutritionals, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Schering Corp., Rhone-Poulenc Rorer, Food Marketing Institute, Sugar Association, International Food Information Council, Merck Vaccine Division, and others. Also gets foundation support (RWJ, Pew, etc.).
 
Formula manufacturers "donate $1 million annually to the American Academy of Pediatrics in the form of a renewable grant that has already netted the AAP $8 million. The formula industry also contributed at least $3 million toward the building costs of the AAP headquarters." (Mothering magazine, July-August, p.60; refers to a book Milk, Money and Madness by Naomi Baumslag and Dia L. Michels (Westport, Conn.: Bergin and Garvey, 1995, p. 172))
 
According to a New York Times article, the Ross Products Unit of Abbott Laboratories, the makers of Similac infant formula, purchased 300,000 copies of the AAP's "New Mother's Guide to Breastfeeding" with Ross' logo and name on them. In addition, "Ross, McNeil and Johnson & Johnson were the top three corporate supporters of the academy's $65 million operating budget...each giving $500,000 or more." (NY Times, 9/18/02, C1)
 
AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY
 
According to a story in the New York Times, "The American Cancer Society . . . has endorsed Florida orange juice . . . ." (8/13/97) . See also World Tonight News With Peter Jennings (8/13/97); The Osgood File, CBS News (8/13/97). An editorial in the New England Journal of Medicine stated: "And why should the American Cancer Society endorse only SmithKline Beecham's antismoking products?" Jerome P. Kassirer & Marcia Angell (9/4/97, p. 700) See also, Los Angeles Time (8/13/97). The ACS, however, denies that its actions are endorsements. Rather, it characterizes such transactions as a license for the "nonexclusive use of its logo on Florida orange juice and SmithKline Beecham's antismoking products" in "exchange for monetary grants and other considerations used for the fight against cancer." (e-mail to CSPI from William J. Dalton, Chief Counsel, ACS, 5/30/01) The ACS's "Cancer Facts & Figures - 1998" acknowledges on the front and back cover "a generous grant" by Glaxo Wellcome drug company. According to Advertising Age, the ACS was involved in a deal with General Mills to include information on packages of Wheaties (1/17/00; p. 54).
 
AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY (AAPD)

According to its website, "the AAPD Foundation welcomes the support of corporations who share [the] mission to improve the oral health of children."

AAPD Foundation Corporate Sponsors
  • 3M ESPE will sponsor the 2003 Continuing Education Course. The topic for the course is "Restorative Dentistry."
  • Dentsply will sponsor our Table Clinics at the Annual Session for $15,000. Established in 1899, Dentsply design, develops, manufactures and markets a broad range of product for the dental market.
  • MAM provided a $30,000 grant to support the Good Health Starts Here campaign. Good Health Start Here education messages also will be printed on MAM product materials. MAM is the designer and producer of age-specific baby products such as pacifiers, pacifier keepers, teethers, bottles and drinking cups.
  • OMNII Oral Pharmaceuticals sponsors our annual OMNII Postdoctoral Fellowships. OMNII Oral Pharmaceuticals is a distributor of prescription medications in dental offices.
  • Oral-B Laboratories sponsored the Good Health Starts Here consumer survey and focus groups, for a total gift of over $103,000. Through the AAPD Foundation, Oral-B also donated 1 million oral care products, valued at $3 million, to Women, Infants and Children (WIC). WIC provides nutritious foods to supplement diets, information on healthy eating and referrals to health care for low-income women, infants and children; WIC is administered at the Federal level by USDA's Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). WIC will deliver these products, including toothbrushes, toothpaste and floss, into the hands of needy children in the states of Texas and Pennsylvania. Oral-B Laboratories, a division of The Gillette Company, is a worldwide leader in both the manual and power toothbrush markets with products marketed under the Oral-B and Braun Oral-B names. The Oral-B brand also includes interdental and specialty oral care products.
  • Phillips Oral Health, our newest corporate sponsor, has agreed to support our Annual Session Welcome Reception for $25,000 and the Keynote Speaker.
  • Practicon, Inc., our newest corporate partner, sponsors the Pediatric Dentist of the Year Award with an annual grant of $5,000. Practicon provides innovative and continuously improved products and services that help dentists maximize patient care, productivity and enjoyment in their practices.
  • Procter & Gamble is a major sponsor for Good Health Starts Here, the AAPD educational campaign. Procter & Gamble is a manufacturer and marketer of oral health care products including Crest Toothpaste and Toothbrushes, Scope, Fixodent and Gleem.
  • Space Maintainers Laboratory supports our Board of Trustees Luncheons. Space Maintainers is the largest group of orthodontic/pedodontic appliance laboratories in world.
  • Treloar & Heisel sponsored our AAPD Foundation Member Reception at the Annual Session in Denver, Colo. Treloar & Heisel designs, provides and services quality insurance plans specifically for professional associations.
(http://www.aapd.org/foundation/donations/; accessed 2/24/03)

AMERICAN COLLEGE OF ALLERGY, ASTHMA, AND IMMUNOLOGY
 
"[A]n organization of allergists-immunologists and related health care professionals dedicated to quality patient care through research, advocacy and professional and public education." Its site is sponsored by an educational grant from Dura Pharmaceuticals. (http://www.allergy.mcg.edu/About.html; accessed 2/24/03)

AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY

Supporters of the American College of Cardiology gain recognition through their Industry Alliance Awards program.
Recipients of the 2002 ACCF Industry Alliance Awards include:
    Diamond Heart Award ($750,000 and above)
  • Pfizer
    Platinum Heart Award ($500,000 - $749,999)
  • AstraZeneca
  • Merck
    Gold Heart Award ($250,000 - $499,999)
  • Aventis Pharmaceuticals
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb Company/Medical Imaging
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    Silver Heart Award ($100,000 - $249,999)
  • Boston Scientific Corporation
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb/Sanofi Pharmaceuticals Partnership
  • Genentech, Inc.
  • Medtronic, Inc.
  • Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation
  • Philips Medical Systems, Inc.
    Bronze Heart Award ($10,000 - $99,999)
  • Abbott Laboratories
  • Acuson, A Siemens Company
  • Amersham Health
  • Biosound Esaote, Inc.
  • Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • Bracco Diagnostics Inc.
  • Centocor, Inc.
  • Cordis, a Johnson & Johnson company
  • Datascope Corporation
  • Eli Lilly and Company
  • Fujisawa Healthcare, Inc.
  • GE Medical Systems
  • Guidant Corporation
  • JOMED
  • Kos Pharmaceuticals
  • Mallinckrodt Inc.
  • Monarch Pharmaceuticals
  • Otsuka America Pharmaceutical, Inc.
  • Pharmacia Corporation
  • Scios Inc.
  • Siemens Medical Systems, Inc.
  • Solvay Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • Specialty Laboratories
  • St. Jude Medical, Inc.
  • The Queen’s Medical Center, Heart Institute
  • Thermo Cardiosystems, Inc.
  • 3M Pharmaceuticals
  • Wyeth
(http://www.acc.org/about/CorporateSupportCatalog2003.pdf; accessed 2/24/03)

"Pfizer was the leading sponsor [at the 2001 meeting in Orlando, FL], forking over $822,000 for the meeting." (WSJ, 6/15/01, B1)

AMERICAN COLLEGE OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY
 
"Received $548,000 from two of the four major formula makers in 1993." (Mothering magazine, July-August 2000, p.60)
 
AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SPORTS MEDICINE (ACSM)

According to its website, the ACSM promotes and integrates scientific research, education, and practical applications of sports medicine and exercise science to maintain and enhance physical performance, fitness, health, and quality of life. 2002 ACSM partners include Gatorade, the Gatorade Sports Science Institute, Pfizer, Pharmacia, Reebok, Aircast, Ajinomoto (Amino Vital), Performance Health/Biofreeze, California Dried Plum Board, Chiron Corporation, EAS (Experimental & Applied Sciences), HealtheTech, LifeFitness, Mars, Incorporated, Merck, Medtronic Physio-Control, National Dairy Council, New Lifestyles, Pfizer, Pharmacia, Pharmanex, Procter & Gamble, Shape Magazine, Theraband, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals. (http://www.acsm.org/partnerships/partner_spotlight.htm; accessed 2/24/03)

AMERICAN COUNCIL FOR CAPITAL FORMATION
 
Based in Washington, D.C., the Council's mission is to "help redefine and restructure U.S. tax, trade, and environmental policies so that this country can increase its pace of economic growth." (http://www.accf.org/Mission.htm; accessed 10/11/01)
 
The Council's Center for Policy Research received $80,000 from ExxonMobil. (http://www.exxonmobil.com/contributions/public_info.html; accessed 6/27/01)
 
Board of Trustees
 
Maxine C. Champion, President, Champion Strategies; Paul R. Huard, Executive Vice President of Finance and Management, National Association of Manufacturers; Larry W. Pollock, Vice President and Director of Taxes, Weyerhaeuser. (http://www.accf.org/Mission.htm; accessed 6/29/01)
 
AMERICAN COUNCIL FOR FITNESS AND NUTRITION (ACFN)

According to its website, the ACFN is an organization that advocates comprehensive, long-term strategies and constructive public policies for improving the health and wellness of all Americans, particularly youth, by promoting science- and behavior-based solutions focused on the critical balance between fitness and nutrition.

Members of the ACFN include:
  • American Advertising Federation
  • American Association of Advertising Agencies
  • American Bakers Association
  • American Frozen Food Institute
  • American Meat Institute
  • American Wholesale Marketers Association
  • Association of Fund-Raising Distributors and Suppliers
  • Association of National Advertisers
  • Biscuit & Cracker Manufacturers Association
  • Chocolate Manufacturers Association
  • Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc.
  • ConAgra Foods, Inc.
  • Del Monte Foods
  • Food Marketing Institute
  • General Mills, Inc.
  • Grocery Manufacturers of America
  • Hershey Foods Corporation
  • H.J. Heinz Company
  • Independent Bakers Association
  • International Bottled Water Association
  • International Dairy Foods Association
  • Kellogg Company
  • Kraft Foods, Inc.
  • Masterfoods USA
  • McDonald's Corporation
  • National Automatic Merchants Association
  • National Confectioners Association
  • National Council of Chain Restaurants
  • National Grocers Association
  • National Restaurant Association
  • National Soft Drink Association
  • Nestle USA, Inc.
  • Pepsi-Cola Company
  • PepsiCo, Inc.
  • Sara Lee Corporation
  • Snack Food Association
  • Sugar Association
  • The Coca-Cola Company
  • The Procter & Gamble Company
  • The Quaker Oats Company
(http://www.acfn.org/about/members.html; accessed 2/24/03)

AMERICAN COUNCIL ON SCIENCE AND HEALTH
 
The following groups have contributed to ACSH in the past according to ACSH's 1991 annual report. ACSH stopped disclosing corporate donors in the early 1990s.
 
$25,000 and above
  • American Cyanamid Company
  • Anheuser-Busch Foundation
  • General Electric Foundation
  • Rollin M. Gerstacker Foundation
  • ICI Agricultural Products, Inc.
  • ISK Biotech Corporation
  • Kraft, Inc.
  • Monsanto Fund
  • The NutraSweet Company
  • John M. Olin Foundation, Inc.
  • Pfizer, Inc.
  • Sarah Scalfe Foundation Incorporated
  • The Starr Foundation
$15,000 to $24,000
  • Archer Daniels Midland Company
  • Carnation Company
  • Ciba-Geigy Corporation
  • Ethyl Corporation
  • Exxon Corporation
  • General Mills, Inc.
  • Heublein Inc.
  • Hiram Walker-Allied Vintners
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • Kellogg Company
  • The Esther A. and Joseph Klingenstein Fund, Inc.
  • Malysian Palm Oil Promotion Council
  • National Starch and Chemical Foundation, Inc.
  • PepsiCo Foundation Inc.
  • Union Carbide Corporation
$10,000 to $14,999
  • Aetna Foundation, Inc.
  • The Bristol-Myers Squibble Foundation, Inc
  • Chevron Corporation
  • Dow Chemical U.S.A
  • E. I. DuPont De Nemours & Company
  • FMC Foundation
  • The Gerber Companies Foundation
  • Hershey Foods Corporation Fund
  • Thomas J. Lipton Foundation, Inc
  • National Agricultural Chemicals Association
  • National Soft Drink Association
  • The Procter & Gamble Fund
  • Rohm & Haas Company
  • Joseph R. Seagram &Sons, Inc
  • Searle Charitable Trust
  • Shell Oil Company Foundation
  • Sterling Winthrop Inc
  • The Sugar Association, Inc.
  • Uniroyal Chemical Company, Inc.
$5,000 to $9,999
  • Alcoa Foundation
  • Allied-Signal Foundation Inc.
  • Amax Foundation, Inc.
  • The Becton Dickinson Foundation
  • Campbell Soup Fund
  • Cargrill Fertilizer Division
  • The Coca-Cola Company
  • Cooper Industries Foundation
  • Supporting Member
  • Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc.
  • Distilled Spirits Council of the United States
  • Ford Motor Company Fund
  • Frito-Lay, Inc.
  • Georgia-Pacific Corporation
  • Heinz U.S.A
  • IMC Fertilizer, Inc.
  • KPMG Peat Marwick
  • McCormick & Company, Inc.
  • Mobil Foundation
  • National Live Stock & Meat Board
  • Olin Corporation Charitable Trust
  • PPG Industries Foundation
  • Pepsi-Cola Company
  • The Reader's Digest Association, Inc.
  • Simpson Fund
  • The Stare Fund
  • Sun Company, Inc.
  • USX Foundation Inc.
  • The Warner-Lambert Foundation
$1,000 to $4,999
  • Ag Processing Inc.
  • Alliance of American Insurers
  • American Egg Board
  • American Petroleum Institute
  • ASARCO Incorporated
  • Baltimore Gas and Electric Company
  • Banbury Fund, Inc.
  • Boardroom Reports, Inc.
  • Borden Foundation Inc.
  • Bristol-Myers Company U.S Nutritional Group
  • The Burroughs Wellcome Co.
  • Chiquita Brands, Inc.
  • Coca-Cola Foods
  • Coltec Charitable Foundation, Inc
  • Connair Inc.
  • CPC International, Inc.
  • Crompton & Knowles Corporation
  • R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company
  • The Dover Fund
  • Eli Lilly and Company Foundation
  • GenCorp Foundation Inc.
  • Hammond Lead Products, Inc.
  • The Hartford Insurance Group
  • Hoffman-La Roche Inc.
  • Geo. A. Hormel & Co.
  • Gulf States Paper Corporation
  • Indianapolis Power & Light Company
  • International Flavors & Fragrances Foundation, Inc.
  • F. M. Kirby Foundation, Inc.
  • Liberty Mutual Insurance Group / Boston
  • M & M Mars
  • Midwest Grain Products, Inc.
  • The Millipore Foundation
  • Mobay Corporation
  • Morton International, Inc.
  • The Nalco Foundation
  • National Cattlemen's Association
  • National Pork Producers Council
  • Nestle, S.A.
  • Occidental Petroleum Corporation
  • Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association
  • Phillips Petroleum Foundation, Inc.
  • Reilly Industries, Inc.
  • Rhone-Poulenc Ag Company
  • Rockwell International
  • Sandoz Corporation
  • Sandoz Crop Protection Corporation
  • Shell International Petroleum Maatachappij B.V.
  • SmithKline Beckman Foundation
  • The Stouffer Corporation Fund
  • Syntex Corporation
  • United States Sugar Corporation Charitable Trust
  • The Upjohn Company
  • Whirlpool Foundation
  • Wine Institute
  • Witco Corporation
$250 to $999
  • Blackhawk Warehousing & Leasing Company
  • Coca-Cola Bottling Company Limited, Inc.
  • Continental Baking Company
  • GPU Nuclear Corporation
  • International Pesticide Applicators Association, Inc.
  • Just Born Incorporated
  • Master Chemical Corporation
  • Northeast Utilities Service Company
  • Valent U.S.A. Corporation
  • Washington Hop Commission
ACSH EXECUTIVE STAFF
 
Elizabeth M. Whelan, Sc.D., M.P.H. President
 
ACSH BOARD OF DIRECTORS
  • Fredric M. Steinberg, M.D.
    Chairman of the Board, ACSH
    Hertfordshire, England
  • Terry L. Anderson, Ph.D., M.S.
    Political Economy Research Center
  • Elissa P. Benedek, M.D.
    University of Michigan
  • Norman E. Borlaug, Ph.D.
    Texas A&M University
  • Michael B. Bracken, Ph.D., M.P.H.
    Yale University School of Medicine
  • Christine M. Bruhn, Ph.D.
    University of California
  • Taiwo K. Danmola, C.P.A.
    Arthur Andersen LLP
  • Thomas R. DeGregori, Ph.D.
    University of Houston
  • Henry I. Miller, M.D.
    Hoover Institution
  • Moghissi, A. Alan, Ph.D.
    Institute for Regulatory Science
  • John H. Moore Ph.D., M.B.A.
    Grove City College
  • Albert G. Nickel
    Lyons Lavey Nickel Swift, Inc.
  • Kenneth M. Prager, M.D.
    Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons
  • Fredrick J. Stare, M.D., Ph.D.
    Harvard School of Public Health
  • Stephen S. Sternberg, M.D.
    Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
  • Mark C. Taylor, M.D.
    Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada
  • Lorraine Thelian
    Ketchum Public Relations
  • Kimberly M. Thompson, Sc.D.
    Harvard School of Public Health
  • Elizabeth M. Whelan, Sc.D., M.P.H.
    American Council on Science and Health
  • Robert J. White, M.D., Ph.D.
    Case Western Reserve University
ACSH ADVISORY BOARD
 
AMERICAN DENTAL ASSOCIATION
 
American Dental Association has endorsed Crest toothpaste and at least 1,300 other products. (NYT, 8/13/97)
 
AMERICAN DIABETES ASSOCIATION
 
"The nation's leading nonprofit health organization providing diabetes research, information and advocacy. The mission of the organization is to prevent and cure diabetes and to improve the lives of all people affected by diabetes. To fulfill this mission, the American Diabetes Association funds research, publishes scientific findings, provides information and other services to people with diabetes, their families, health care professionals and the public." (http://www.diabetes.org/main/application/commercewf; accessed 10/02/02) The following is a list of corporate contributors in 2002:
 
Contributors of $750,000:
  • Abbott Laboratories
  • Aventis Pharmaceuticals
  • BD Consumer Healthcare
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
  • Eli Lilly and Company
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • Lifescan, Inc., a Johnson & Johnson company
  • Medtronic MiniMed
  • Merck & Co., Inc.
  • Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation
  • Novo Nordisk Pharmaceuticals
  • Pfizer Inc
  • Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America, Inc.
Benning Corporate Sponsors:
  • Abbott Laboratories, Inc., MediSense Products
  • Bayer Corporation
  • Kraft Foods
  • Roche Diagnostics Corporation
Platinum Sponsors:
  • Abbott Laboratories, Ross Product Division (Glucerna)
  • AstraZeneca
  • Dermik Laboratories, Inc.
  • J.M. Smucker Company
  • Merisant U.S., Inc. (Equal Sweetener)
  • Olivio Premium Products
  • Tenet Healthcare Foundation
  • TheraSense, Inc.
  • Wyeth Pharmaceuticals
Diamond Sponsors:
  • Archway Cookies, LLC
  • Coolbrands International, Inc. (Eskimo Pie)
  • CVS/pharmacy
  • Ebony Magazine
  • Equidyne Systems, Inc.
  • General Mills, Inc. (Fiber One)
  • Good Neighbor Pharmacy
  • Health Care Products
  • Health Magazine
  • Hermundslie Foundation
  • KOS Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • MBNA
  • Murray Sugar Free Cookies
  • Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc.
  • Orhto-McNeil Pharmaceutical, Inc.
  • People Weekly Magazine
  • Rite Aid Pharmacy
  • Roche Pharmaceuticals
  • Roundy's Inc.
  • Schering Plough Healthcare Products, Inc.
  • Specialty Brands of America (Cary's Sugar Free Cookies)
  • The Procter & Gamble Company
  • Voortman Cookies Limited
  • Yahoo!
(http://www.diabetes.org/annualreport/annualreport2000/default.asp; accessed 9/30/02)
 
AMERICAN DIETETIC ASSOCIATION
 
A public policy workshop held in March 2001 was sponsored by American Soy Products, California Dried Plum Board, Egg Nutrition Center, Food Marketing Institute, Grocery Manufacturers of America, Kashi, National Soft Drink Association, Sodexho, and Marriott Services. (ADA Courier, 5/01)
 
The American Dietetic Association has received funding from numerous companies and receives underwriting for "fact sheets" on topics related to the companies' products. Major ($100,000+) donors include: Kellogg, Kraft Foods, Weight Watchers International, Campbell Soup, National Dairy Council, Nestlé USA, Ross Products Division of Abbott Labs., Sandoz, Coca-Cola, Florida Department of Citrus, General Mills, Monsanto, Nabisco, Procter & Gamble, Uncle Ben's, Wyeth-Ayerst Labs. (Nov-Dec 1996 ADA Courier)
 
ADA and DuPont have an agreement that enables ADA to place nutrition information on the web site http://www.webmd.com/. Dupont is an investor in WebMD. (ADA Press Release, 10/16/00)
 
Co-produced, with funding from the ConAgra Foundation, a packet of information on food safety titled "Home Food Safety: It's in Your Hands." (Funding disclosed on packet on file at CSPI, Nov. 1999)
 
Published a "Biotechnology Resource Kit," which was funded by the Council for Biotechnology Information." (ADA "Dear Member" letter; 2000)
[See entry for Council for Biotechnology Information]
 
The American Dietetic Association has announced that it will be seeking to endorse food products (Nov.-Dec. 1997 ADA Courier).
 
ADA and American Pharmaceutical Association (pharmacists) announced a joint consumer-education program on supplements; it is funded by Monsanto Life Sciences Company (press release, 11/8/99).
 
In fiscal year 2000, the following companies contributed $10,000 or more: BASF Corp., Bristol Myers/Squibb, California Avocado Company, The Catfish Institute, ConAgra Foods, DMI Management, EcoLab, Galaxy Nutritional Foods, Gerber Products Company, Kellogg, Knoll Pharmaceuticals, Lipton, Mars, Inc., Mead Johnson Nutritionals, McNeil Consumer Products Company, Monsanto, National Cattlemen's Beef Association, National Dairy Council, National Fisheries Institute, National Pasta Association, The Peanut Institute, Potato Board, Procter & Gamble, Roche Pharmaceuticals, Ross Products Division, Abbott Laboratories, Viactiv, Worthington Foods. (ADA/ADAF 2000 Annual Report, http://www.eatright.org/; November 11, 2000)
 
The following companies and organizations sponsored information sessions at the ADA's 2002 Food and Nutrition Conference, held in Philadelphia, PA:
  • Almond Board of California
  • American Egg Board/Egg Nutrition Center
  • Aramark
  • ADM Kao LLC
  • Balance Bar Company
  • ConAgra Foods
  • DuPont Protein Technologies
  • General Mills
  • Gatorade Company
  • Gerber Products Company
  • H.J. Heinz
  • Hormel
  • Internationl Food Information Council
  • International Life Sciences Institute
  • Mars, Inc.
  • McNeil Nutritionals
  • MET-Rx
  • National Cattlemen's Beef Association
  • National Dairy Council
  • Pharmavite
  • Procter and Gamble
  • Quaker Oats
  • Ross Product Division
  • Sodexho Health Care Services
  • Sysco Corporation
  • United Soybean Board
  • United States Potato Board
  • Wheat Foods Council
(http://www.eatright.org/fnce/sponsors02.html; accessed 2/24/03)

In 2002, the ADA entered into a partnership with Gerber Products Company to form the Start Healthy Nutrition Advisory Panel. The panel includes both experts from Gerber and ADA. (http://www.eatright.com/pr/2002/102102.html; accessed 2/24/03)

AMERICAN HEALTH FOUNDATION
 
AHF's board of directors has included R.H. Adamson from the National Soft Drink Association and executives of Pepsi-Cola and Procter & Gamble. (AHF stationery, 1999)
 
AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION
 
American Heart Association was paid $450,000 by the Florida grapefruit growers for exclusive grapefruit use of the association's heart-healthy endorsement. (Phila. Inquirer, 5/7/97)
 
American Heart Association has received $1.1 million (and an annual renewal potential of about $300,000) from food manufacturers as license fees to use the "heart check mark." (Philadelphia Inquirer, 5/7/97)
 
AHA charges $2,500 (plus a yearly renewal charge of $650) for a company to put the association's heart-check symbol on a package. Florida Dept. of Citrus paid $450,000 for exclusive promotion and advertising contract from 1994 until early 1997. The National Cattlemen's Beef Association paid $25,000 for its arrangement with the AHA to promote lean cuts of beef. For an agreement with ConAgra in 1992-93, the AHA received $3,500,000 for a TV program on nutrition. For companies that want an exclusive agreement with the AHA like that of the Florida citrus growers, the cost is $55,000 a quarter or $200,000 a year. Without exclusivity the cost is $25,000 a quarter or $90,000 a year. (New York Times, 10/22/97)
 
National Livestock and Meat Board gave $189,000 to the AHA to sponsor the HeartRide cycling series. AHA says the program will help ensure that people don't think that AHA recommends abstaining from meat. (IEG Sponsorship Report)
 
Merck is spending $400,000 to finance an AHA program teaching 40,000 doctors to treat cholesterol according to guidelines. (Wall Street Journal, 6/14/98)
 
American Heart Association has endorsed only Bayer aspirin. (NEJM 9/4/97, p. 700) According to Kramer Laboratories, Inc. (Miami), "Bayer, as we understand it, contributes over $500,000 a year to the American Heart Association." (Letter to AHA, 9/23/96) Web site is sponsored by Pfizer, Campbell, ConAgra (Healthy Choice), and Hoechst (Tufts Nutrition Navigator web site).
 
AMERICAN LIVER FOUNDATION
 
Received about $2.5 million over the past five years from Schering-Plough Corp., maker of a drug to treat hepatitis C virus. (Washington Post, 9/12/00, p.1)
 
AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
 
AMA planed a campaign to remind doctors of ethical guidelines limiting their acceptance of gifts from pharmaceutical companies. The campaign was to be sponsored by Eli Lilly Corporation. (USA Today, 4/27/01, "Drugmakers bankroll ethics guidelines on 'freebies'")
 
According to a New York Times story, the AMA made a deal with Sunbeam to endorse the company's health products in return for royalties. Publicity scotched the deal in 1997. Sunbeam is suing the AMA for breach of contract. (NYT, 8/13/97 and subsequent weeks)
 
The Chicago Sun-Times reported that in early 1996 Procter & Gamble/olestra, through its PR agency, gave the AMA a check for $900,000 in partial support of an AMA fitness program; the check came after the AMA issued a statement endorsing the FDA's approval of olestra. (AMA press release, Jan. 1996; Chicago Sun-Times, 11/26/97, p. 70)
 
AMERICAN OBESITY ASSOCIATION
 
According to the Wall Street Journal, this organization, formed in April, 1995, is "a lay advocacy group representing the interest of the 70 to 80 million obese American women and children and adults afflicted with the disease of obesity." It has one member. "Dr. Atkinson says the group receives most of its funding — several hundred thousand dollars in all — from the pharmaceuticals industry, including Interneuron, American Home Products, Roche Laboratories, Knoll Pharmaceuticals Ltd., and Servier — all of which market or develop diet pills." (Wall Street Journal, 2/9/98, B1)
 
AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION (APA)
 
A medical specialty society that works to ensure humane care and effective treatment for all persons with mental disorders, including mental retardation and substance-related disorders. Members of the 2001 Corporate Advisory Council include:
    Grand Patron ($20,000)
  • AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb
  • Eli Lilly and Company
  • Pfizer, Inc.
    Patron ($15,000)
  • Aventis Pharmaceuticals
  • Janssen Pharmaceutica
    Sustaining Member ($10,000)
  • Abbott Laboratories
  • Forest Pharmaceuticals
  • GlaxoSmithKline
    Sponsor ($5,000)
  • Alza Pharmaceuticals
  • Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories
(http://www.psych.org/foundation/cacmemberlist.cfm; accessed 9/18/02)
 
According to a Washington Post article on the role of industry in medical meetings, "in several dozen symposiums during the weeklong [American Psychiatric Association] meeting, companies paid the APA about $50,000 per session to control which scientists and papers were presented and to help shape the presentations." (Washington Post, 5/26/02, p. A10) The 2002 Annual meeting had a total of 42 industry-sponsored symposiums sponsored by the following companies:
  • Abbott Laboratories
  • AstraZeneca
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb
  • Cephalon
  • Cyberonics, Inc.
  • Eisai, Inc.
  • Eli Lilly and Company
  • Forest Laboratories
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • Janssen Pharmaceutica
  • Organnon, Inc.
  • Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical
  • Pfizer
  • Shire U.S.
  • Sepracor
  • Solvay Pharmaceuticals
  • Somerset Pharmaceuticals
  • Novartis
  • Wyeth Pharmaceuticals
(http://www.psych.org/sched_events/ann_mtg_02/programbook.cfm; accessed 9/18/02)
 
AMERICAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION
 
Has received a $25,000 grant from Colgate-Palmolive (Nation's Health, 1/99, p.7)
 
Has received a $1 million grant over five years from Colgate-Palmolive to help APHA's public-education effort. (Nation's Health, April, 1999, p. 1)
 
AMERICAN RED CROSS
 
The American Red Cross received $100,000 for the the Chlorine Chemistry Council to launch the Water Relief Network on 6/21/96. The network provides the American Red Cross access to a variety of products that can be used in global disaster relief efforts. (http://c3.org/about_ccc/partnerships.html 6/5/01)
 
According to the New York Times, this organization has a policy against endorsing commercial products, but for two years it endorsed Laerdahl Medical Corporation's (a Norwegian company) CPR mannequins. (NYT, 1/26/97, by Glenn Collins)
 
AMERICAN SCHOOL FOOD SERVICE ASSOCIATION
 
The ASFSA's School Food Service Foundation has been funded by the food industry. Procter and Gamble, ConAgra, California Prune Board, National Dairy Council have provided funding. (1996 Annual Report)
 
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE
 
"[The] Corporate Member Council represents a partnership of the ASRM Officers and Directors and the Corporate Members. It is designed to facilitate open and ongoing dialogue between the two. Its purpose is to identify and maximize common interests related to reproductive medicine and develop collaborative educational initiatives which serve to enhance the practice of reproductive medicine." The cost to become a corporate member is $3,000 annually. Members include:
  • Abbott Laboratories
  • Berlex Laboratories, Inc.
  • Cook Ob/Gyn
  • CooperSurgical
  • Eli Lilly and Company
  • Elsevier Science, Inc.
  • Endeavor Pharmaceuticals
  • Ferring Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • Gynecare (a Division of Ethicon, Inc.)
  • IntegraMed
  • Ivpcare
  • Organon, Inc.
  • Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical
  • Pfizer Women's Healthcare
  • Pharmacia Corporation
  • SAGE BioPharma, Inc.
  • Serono, Inc.
  • Solvay Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
  • Stone Ridge Partners, Inc.
  • TAP, Inc.
  • Wyeth-Ayerst Pharmaceuticals
(http://www.asrm.org/Professionals/Membership/corporate.html; accessed 7/16/02)
 
AMERICAN THYROID ASSOCIATION
 
According to the Washington Monthly, "the Boots company, which manufactures a thyroid product, has at various times provided 60 percent of the funding for the American Thyroid Association." (Washington Monthly, May 2000, p. 36)
 
AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICINE ASSOCIATION
 
A September 15, 1997, AVMA statement said:
 
"Bayer Animal Health and Hill's Pet Nutrition Inc have pledged major financial commitments to the AVMA over the next few years. AVMA president (1996-1997), Dr. Mary Beth Leininger told attendees. 'Tonight, two great companies Hill's Pet Nutrition Inc and Bayer Animal Health are joining with me in making the first public announcement of an unprecedented level of corporate support for our profession and our Association....Each of the companies has generously pledged to provide the profession and AVMA with ground breaking support over the next three to five years. This historic action on the part of Hill's and Bayer will take the form of direct financial support of AVMA-sponsored programs and projects and the allocation of their corporate resources to greatly enhance these efforts. With tonight's announcement, Hill's and Bayer have gone beyond simple sponsorship. These two companies are showing through this historic and unique commitment an understanding and belief in the important interrelationship between our profession and the entire animal health care industry that we have not seen before.'"
 
[Robert Wheeler, chairman and CEO of Hill's:] "Today I take great pleasure in announcing that Hill's will fund AVMA at a level of $1 million over three years. These funds will support the AVMA convention and a myriad of other meetings in disaster relief, animal welfare, educational symposia, and veterinary practice management."
 
[John Payne of Bayer said:] "That's why I am proud to announce a long-range, five-year financial commitment to the AVMA."
 
"Dr. Leininger summed it up. 'This is a landmark day for all of us, thanks to Bayer and Hill's.'" (http://www.avma.org/onlnews/javma/sep97/s091597d.htm, October 26, 2000)
 
ANNAPOLIS CENTER
 
A 501(c)3 non-profit organization to "promote responsible environmental, health and safety decision-making." (http://www.annapoliscenter.org, 10/31/00)
 
Board of Directors:
  • Vice Admiral Harold M. Koenig (Ret.), Chairman, former Surgeon General, U.S. Navy
  • Harrison H. Schmitt, Ph.D., Chairman Emeritus, former U.S. Senator, former Apollo Astronaut
  • S. John Byington, former Chairman, Consumer Product Safety Commission
  • William E. Cooper, Ph.D., Dept. of Zoology, Michigan State University
  • Lois S. Gold, Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley
  • George Gray, Ph.D., Harvard Center for Risk Analysis, Harvard School of Public Health
  • John Griffin, former Secretary, Maryland Dept. of Natural Resources
  • Robert L. Hirsch, Ph.D., Advanced Power Technologies, Inc.
  • Nancy Kerkvliet, Ph.D., Oregon State University
  • Claire M. Lathers, Ph.D., F.C.P., Chief Scientific Officer, Barr Lab., Inc.
  • Ford Rowan, former PBS and NBC reporter, Rowan & Blewitt
  • Bradley Smith, Ph.D., Dean, Huxley College
  • Jack W. Snyder, M.D., Ph.D., Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
  • George Wolff, Ph.D., Principle Scientist, General Motors Corp., former chair, EPA Clean Air Science
The institute's Mr. Richard Seibert declined to tell CSPI (G. Barron) who its funders are (Oct. 2000).
 
According to a Wall Street Journal article, 80% of the funding for the Center comes from the National Association of Manufacturers. (Wall Street Journal, 1/16/97)
 
ARTHRITIS FOUNDATION
 
Arthritis Foundation licensed its name to McNeil Consumer Products for aspirin, acetominophen, and ibuprofen-containing products. A coalition of Minnesota and 18 other state attorneys general won a $2 million settlement from McNeil in 1996. (Press release from attorney general, 10/16/96)
 
According to an Associated Press story, "the [Arthritis Foundation had agreed to the use of its logo in the ads in exchange for $350,000 in contributions by Rexall [Sundown] to an arthritis education campaign. But the ads, which claim Osteo Bi-Flex helps repair and rebuild cartilage, began appearing in national magazines in May without review by the foundation." (AP, 6/6/99)
 
"Web site sponsors. The Arthritis Foundation is pleased to recognize the following companies and organizations, each of which, during 2000, contributed $100,000 or more to support our mission:" Amgen, Aventis, Bioglan Pharma, CauseLink.com, Centocor, Cypress BioScience, HealthSouth Corporation, Hot Spring Spas, Merck & Co. Inc., Pfizer's Warner-Lambert Consumer Group, The Odd Fellows and Rebekahs, Rexall Sundown, Royal Appliance Manufacturing Company, Searle, Weider Nutrition International, Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories
 
"Other sponsors of Arthritis Foundation....Bayer Consumer Care, Boehringer Ingleheim, Cal Spas, DJ Orthopedics, Garden Pals, Inc., Grabber Performance Group, Mature Smart, Max & Erma's, McNeil Consumer Healthcare, Ochsner Clinic, OrthoLogic, Pactiv Corporation, Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, Pilot Pen Corporation, Renaissance Man, Inc., SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Webster Industries, Whitehall Robins"
 
(http://www.arthritis.org/resources/sponsors/default.asp, 9/11/00)
 
ASSOCIATION OF BLACK CARDIOLOGISTS
 
The New York Times reports that this organization ". . . receives substantial support from drug companies, according to a study published last week by Public Citizen. . ." (New York Times, 6/28/00) According to PC's report ("Citizens for Better Medicare"), that support included a 3/2000 $2.2 million grant from the Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation. Astra Merck gave $503,000. Parke-Davis $767,000, SmithKline Beecham $465,000, DuPont Merck & Co. $482,000, etc. 80.6% of its $4.9 million funding in 1996-97 came from the drug industry.
 
ASTHMA AND ALLERGY FOUNDATION OF AMERICA
 
An organization that is "dedicated to improving the quality of life for people with asthma and allergies through education, advocacy, and research." (http://www.aafa.org/; accessed 7/16/02) 72% of their revenue for FY 2000 came from "Corporate and Other" sources, including the following donations:
    $300,000-$499,999
  • Aventis Pharmaceuticals
    $200,000-$299,999
  • Merck & Co., Inc.
  • The Procter & Gamble Company
  • S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.
    $100,000-$199,999
  • AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, L.P.
  • Electrolux L.L.C.
  • Matsushita Electric Corporation of America
    $25,000-$49,999
  • Sepracor, Inc.
    $10,000-$24,999
  • Immunex Corporation
    $5,000-$9,999
  • Aventis Pasteur
  • Kaiser Permanente
  • Tanaka & Company
(Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America 2000 Annual Report, on file at CSPI and online at http://www.aafa.org/public/pdfs/aafa_annual_01.pdf)
 
BELL INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND NUTRITION
 
This Minneapolis-based institute is part of General Mills. (http://www.tbhonline.com/cns/9907/990711whole_grain.htm)
 
BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF LOW LEVEL EXPOSURES (BELLE)
 
Biological Effects of Low Level Exposures (BELLE) is an organization of "scientists representing federal agencies, the International Society of Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, the private sector, and academia...develop[ing] a strategy to encourage the assessment of the biological effects of low level exposures to chemical agents and radioactivity." (http://www.belleonline.com/; accessed 9/24/02)
 
Sponsors and Supporters of their Non-Linearity Conference include:
  • AWWA Research Foundation
  • CRC Press
  • Dow Corning
  • Exxon Mobil
  • Honeywell
  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission
  • Pfizer
  • Philip Morris, Inc.
  • Rhom and Haas Co.
  • R.J. Reynolds
  • Texaco
Science Advisory Committee Members include:
  • James S. Bus, Ph.D. - Dow Chemical Company
  • Ralph Cook, M.D. - Dow Corning Corporation
  • David J. Doolittle, Ph.D. - R.J. Reynolds
  • Max Eisenberg, Ph.D. - Center for Indoor Air Research
  • William F. Greenlee, Ph.D. - CIIT, Centers for Health Research
  • A. Wallace Hayes, Ph.D. - Gillette Company
  • Roger McClellan, D.V.M. - Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology
  • Donald E. Stevenson, Ph.D. - Dermigen, Inc.
(http://www.belleonline.com/sponsorsAndSupporters.html; accessed 9/24/02)
 
BIOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE
 
Mission: To engage, excite and educate as many people as possible, especially young people, about biotechnology and its immense potential for solving human health and environmental problems. (Biotechnolgoy Institute fact sheet, received 5/01)
 
Funding Organizations
  • Amgen
  • Aventis
  • BIO
  • Council of Biotech. Information
  • Ernst & Young
  • Fisher Scientific
  • Genencor International
  • MdBIO
  • Monsnato Fund
  • Pa. Biotechnology Fund
  • Novartis Foundation
  • Pfizer, Inc.
  • Bayer Biotechnology
  • Centocor
  • Merck
  • Novartis Corporation
  • InterMune
  • Onyx Pharmaceuticals
  • CV Therapeutics
BREAST CANCER AWARENESS MONTH
 
According to the Progressive Magazine, this event ". . .happens to be sponsored by Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), one of the world's largest manufacturers of organochlorines. ICI has approved — or vetoed — every poster, pamphlet, and advertisement used for Breast Cancer Awareness Month from the beginning. And BCAM literature has never mentioned the link [sic] link between breast cancer and organochlorines..." (Molly Ivins, Progressive, January, 1998, p. 46)
 
CANADIAN FOOD INFORMATION COUNCIL
 
"Who are CFIC's Members? Bestfoods Canada Inc., Coca-Cola Ltd., Effem Inc., General Mills Canada Inc., H. J. Heinz Co. of Canada Ltd., Kellogg Canada Inc., Kingsmill Foods Company Ltd., Kraft Canada Inc., Monsanto Canada Inc., Nestlé Canada Inc., Procter & Gamble Inc., The Quaker Oats Co. of Canada Ltd., Unilever Canada Ltd.
 
"Who are CFIC's Patrons? Canadian Council of Grocery Distributors, Canadian Soft Drink Association." (http://www.cfic.ca/; 9/12/00)
 
CANCER RESEARCH FOUNDATION OF AMERICA
 
Heinz is providing CRFA with $60,000 over two years for research in nutrition research; also Heinz featured CRFA in full-page newspaper ads in 1/99 (Winter 1999 CRFA newsletter)
 
CENTER FOR AUTO SAFETY
 
Clarence Ditlow, director of CAS, is (unpaid) on the board of directors of the insurance-industry-funded Certified Automotive Parts Association. In 1998, State Farm and Allstate provided $70,000, or 9% of CAS's budget. (Wash. Post, 3/18/99)
 
CENTER FOR HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH AND POLICY
 
A research center at The George Washington University's School of Public Health and Health Services in Washington, DC. It focuses on research surrounding "the monumental shift in the nation's health care system to managed care and its impact on underserved and vulnerable populations." The center receives funding from:
  • Abbott Laboratories
  • Agouron Pharmaceuticals
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb
  • Center for Health Care Strategies, Inc.
  • Dupont Pharmaceuticals
  • Glaxo Wellcome, Inc.
  • HMA, Inc.
  • Hoffman-LaRoche, Inc.
  • Pfizer, Inc.
  • Pharmacia & Upjohn Co.
(http://www.gwhealthpolicy.org/about.htm; accessed 4/4/2002)
 
CENTER FOR INDOOR AIR RESEARCH
 
According to the minutes of a meeting of the Tobacco Institute's Executive Committee, the Center for Indoor Air Research was initially formed and funded by Lorillard, Philip Morris and R.J. Reynolds to "sponsor and foster research in indoor air issues with emphasis on environmental tobacco smoke."
(http://www.tobaccofreedom.org/issues/documents/ets/cia_center/; accessed 5/15/02)
 
CENTER FOR CONSUMER FREEDOM

 
Founded by Rick Berman in 1995 (as Guest Choice Network), the Center for Consumer Freedom represents "a coalition of restaurant operators and concerned individuals working together to defend your right to a full and varied menu of dining options." (http://www.consumerfreedom.com/main_faq.cfm; accessed 7/10/02). The group was initiated by a $600,000 and later, an additional $300,000 grant from Philip Morris. Members of its 1998 advisory panel included:
  • Dave Albright, National Steak and Poultry
  • Jane Innes, Perkins Family Restaurants, L.P.
  • Steve Bartlett, Meridian Products Corporation
  • Robert Basham, Outback Steakhouse, Inc.
  • John F. Berglund, Minnesota Licensed Beverage Association
  • Lou Chatey, Sebastiani Vineyards
  • H.A. "Andy" Divine, University of Denver
  • Timothy J. Doke, Brinker International, Inc.
  • Richard Fisher, Tetley USA, Inc.
  • William L. Hyde, Jr., Ruth's Chris Steakhouse
  • James Spector, Philip Morris, USA
  • Michael Middleton, Cargill Processed Meat Products
  • Daniel J. Popeo, Washington Legal Foundation
  • Richard G. Scalise, Armour Swift-Eckrich
  • Daniel Timm, the Bruss Company
  • Carl Vogt, Fulbright & Jaworski
  • Richard Walsh, Darden Restaurants, Inc.
  • Terry Wheatley, Sutter Home Winery
(http://www.prwatch.org.improp/ddam.html; accessed 5/20/02; PR Watch, 2002;9(1):7-8)
 
CENTER FOR THE STUDY AND IMPROVEMENT OF REGULATION (CSIR)
 
Housed in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy in the Carnegie Institute of Technology, the CSIR analyzes strategies for improving risk management and regulations. "Initial financial support for the center and for center-related activities is provided by grants from several corporations, foundations, and trade associations including: Exxon, Ford, Alcoa, the Chemical Manufacturers Association, and the American Petroleum Institute." (http://www.epp.cmu.edu/csir/; accessed 9/19/02)
 
CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND GLOBAL CHANGE
 
Founded in 1998 and based in Tempe, AZ, the Center is "dedicated to discovering and disseminating scientific information pertaining to the effects of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on climate and the biosphere." (http://www.co2science.org/center.htm; accessed 10/11/01)
 
Received $10,000 from the ExxonMobil. (http://www.exxonmobil.com/contributions/public_info.html; accessed 6/27/01)
 
CHEMICAL INDUSTRY INSTITUTE OF TOXICOLOGY (CIIT) CENTERS FOR HEALTH RESEARCH
 
"Conduct[s] leading-edge biochemical research studies and provide[s] training programs that strive to advance the quality of science used to address environmental and public health issues." (http://www.ciit.org/AboutCIIT/About; accessed 9/26/02)
 
The CIIT Science Advisory Committee "plays a key role in ensuring the credibility of CIIT science. . . . The Committee also reviews the Institute's performance in fulfilling the research objectives of the chemical industry." Supported by the Chemical Manufacturers Association and by about three dozen major chemical companies. (1997 Annual Report)
 
"In 1999, the Board of Directors of the American Chemistry Council approved a Long-Range Research Initiative (LRI), which sponsors research on health and environmental effects of chemical use. In developing its research initiative, the American Chemistry Council formed an alliance with CIIT. . . . Through the LRI, support for CIIT is being enhanced and consolidated into sponsorship by the entire membership of nearly 200 companies of the American Chemistry Council." (2000 Annual Report; accessed 9/26/02)
 
CIIT Member Companies Include:
  • Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
  • Albemarle Corporation
  • BASF Corporation
  • Bayer Corporation
  • Celanese
  • Chevron Corporation
  • Dow Chemical
  • E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
  • Eastman Chemical Company
  • Eastman Kodak
  • Ethyl Corporation
  • ExxonMobil Chemical
  • General Electric
  • Georgia Gulf Corporation
  • W.R. Grace & Co.
  • Honeywell International
  • Johns Manville
  • Lubrizol Corporation
  • Lyondell Chemical
  • Mallinckrodt, Inc.
  • NOVA Chemicals
  • Novartis Corporation
  • Occidental Chemical
  • Owens Corning
  • Phillips 66 Company
  • PPG Industries
  • Rohm and Haas Company
  • Shell Chemical
  • Solutia, Inc.
  • Texaco, Inc.
  • Union Carbide Corporation
  • Unocal Corporation
  • Volkswagen of America, Inc.
  • Vulcan Materials Company

 
Other Supporting Organizations in 2000:
  • American Chemistry Council
  • American Petroleum Institute
  • The Chlorine Institute, Inc.
  • Ethyl Corporation
  • W.R. Grace & Co.
  • National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
  • Nickel Producers Environmental Research Association (NiPERA)
  • Pharmacia & Upjohn, Inc.
  • Polyelectrolyte Producers Group
  • Styrene Industry Research Council
  • Union Carbide Corporation
  • US EPA
CHILDREN AND ADULTS WITH ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER/CHADD
 
About 20 percent of the organization's budget in some years reportedly was underwritten by Ciba-Geigy (now Novartis), the maker of Ritalin. ("ADD - a Dubious Diagnosis?" PBS and the Merrow Report. [cited Dec. 20, 1995] <http://www.add-adhd.org/ritalin_CHADD_A.D.D.html>)
 
CHADD was reported to have received from drug companies more than $1 million in grants and services. The Drug Enforcement Administration said, "The relationship between Ciba-Geigy and CHADD raises serious concerns about CHADD's motive in proselytizing the use of Ritalin." (DEA, "Methylphenidate (a background paper)," October 1995, p.4.)
 
CHADD was said to have received about $30,000 from Novartis and ten percent of its income overall from the drug industry. (Phone call, John Heavener, CHADD, to CSPI/M. Jacobson; May 27, 1999.)
 
"CHADD received $748,000 from Ciba/Novartis in the period 1991 to 1994 alone." (Law suit No. CV 1839 E (CGA); U.S. District Court, Southern District of California; Vess et al vs. Ciba-Geirgy et al.; 9/13/00)
 
CITIZENS FOR A SOUND ECONOMY
 
Based in Washington, D.C., the organization received $75,000 from ExxonMobil for its educational foundation. (http://www.exxonmobil.com/contributions/public_info.html; accessed 6/27/01)
 
Funders include: Philip Morris (>$1 million), US West ($1 million), Hertz ($25,000), DaimlerChrysler AG ($25,000), Exxon ($175,000), U.S. Sugar Corp ($280,000), Florida Crystals (sugar industry; $280,000), Sugar Cane Growers Cooperative of Florida ($140,000), Microsoft ($380,000). (Wash Post, 1-29-00)
 
CHOCOLATE INFORMATION CENTER
 
"The Chocolate Information Center was established by Mars, Incorporated to provide the most pertinent and up-to-date information on various aspects of chocolate and health. Backed by solid scientific research and decades of experience in the world of chocolate." (http://www.chocolateinfo.com/about/index.html; accessed 9/30/02)
 
CLINICAL TRIAL SERVICE UNIT, NUFFIELD DEPARTMENT OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, MEDICAL SERVICES DIVISION, OXFORD UNIVERSITY, UK
 
An organization that works chiefly on "studies of the causes and treatment of 'chronic' diseases such as cancer, heart attack or stroke (which, collectively, account for most adult deaths worldwide), although it does also involve some studies of other major conditions in developed and developing countries." It has received grants for independent research from AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Hoffman-La Roche, Merck Sharp and Dohme, and Sanofi-Synthelabo. (http://www.ctsu.ox.ac.uk/about/; accessed 7/10/02; BMJ 2002;324:71-86)
 
COALITION FOR VEHICLE CHOICE
 
Based in Washington, D.C., the organization was "created to preserve the freedom of Americans to choose motor vehicles that meet their needs and their freedom to travel." (http://www.vehiclechoice.org/main.html; accessed 10/11/01)
 
CVC claims a membership of " ... more than 40,000 state and local organizations and individuals." CVC lists the following organizations and corporations as national members as of November 1997:
  • Allied-Signal Automotive
  • American Iron and Steel Institute
  • American Legislative Exchange Council
  • Armco
  • Arvin Industries
  • Ashland Chemical
  • Bridgestone/Firestone
  • Citizens for a Sound Economy
  • Coalitions for America
  • Competitive Enterprise Institute
  • Consumer Alert
  • DaimlerChrysler
  • DuPont
  • Eaton
  • Ford
  • General Motors
  • Glaxo
  • Goodyear Tire and Rubber
  • Michelin North America
  • Potash & Phosphate Institute
  • R.J. Reynolds Tobacco
  • Reynolds Metals
  • Southern Pacific Transportation
  • Union Pacific
  • USX
(http://www.vehiclechoice.org/about/members.html; accessed 7/9/01)
 
COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, INSTITUTE OF HUMAN NUTRITION
 
The New York Times reported that Columbia's Institute of Human Nutrition "forged an agreement with Mr. Price [president of a nutritional-supplements company] for fees and a share of the company. (NYT, 8/2/00, p.1)
 
CONGRESSIONAL HUNGER CAUCUS
 
Board of Directors:
  • Rep. Tony P. Hall (D-OH), Founder and Co-Chairman
  • Rep. Frank Wolf (R-VA), Co-Chairman
  • Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-ND)
  • Rep. Amory Houghton (R-NY)
  • Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)
  • David Beckmann, President, Bread for the World
  • Paul Carothers, VP for Government Affairs, Philip Morris Companies Inc.
  • Elizabeth Emerson-Leger, Political Director, Independent Insurance Agents of America
  • Al Franken, actor and author
  • George P. Hirsch, Chef and CEO, Hirsch Productions
  • Arianna Huffington, Chair, Center for Effective Compassion
  • David Kantor, President, Victory Wholesale Grocers
  • Climis Lascaris
  • Marshall Matz, Olsson, Frank and Weeda
  • Scott Miller, Director, National Government Relations, Procter & Gamble
  • Manly Molpus, President and CEO, Grocery Manufacturers of America
  • Grace Nelson
  • Carol Vittert
  • Alan Wheat, Wheat Associates
  • (http://www.thehungercenter.org/board&staff.html, 9/12/00)
CONSORTIUM FOR PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH
 
Based in St. Simons Island, GA, the Consortium is an organization of 38 companies, 30 universities, and numerous government agencies that advocates for plant biotechnology research. (http://www.cpbr.org/; accessed 10/11/01) In 1998, the Consortium spent $20,000 for lobbying. (Center for Responsive Politics; http://www.opensecrets.org/lobbyists/98profiles/5681.htm; accessed 7/26/01)
 
CONSUMER ALERT
 
Received $10,000 from ExxonMobil.
(http://www.exxonmobil.com/contributions/public_info.html; accessed 6/27/01)
 
Consumer Alert received about $10,000 from the food industry in 2000. (Frances Smith of Consumer Alert spoke at FDA Consumer Roundtable, December 13, 2000)
 
Funded by such companies as Chevron, Eli Lilly and Philip Morris. [The Observer, by Cockburn & Silverstein, 5/26/96]
 
Funding from Philip Morris, American Cyanamid, Exxon, Eli Lilly, Elanco, Pfizer, Anheuser, Busch, Coors, and Chevron. Corporations provide more than 60% of the group's funding. [Health News & Review, 6/22/93]
 
According to a trade publication, "heavily backed by liquor interests" and opposing increase in federal excise taxes. [Industry Week, 6/29/87]
 
The Washington Post reported that "Consumer Alert Advocate Fund, an Illinois-based group in whose name the beer industry has placed full-page, anti-excise ads in 57 newspapers. . . .The group receives contributions from individuals — and from the telephone, auto and oil industries." [Washington Post, 6/19/87, p. A23]
 
Consumer Alert received $2,500 from Amoco in 1992. [Capital Research Center, http://www.capitalresearch.org/]
 
COUNCIL FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY INFORMATION

According to its website, the mission of the Council for Biotechnology Information is to improve understanding and acceptance of biotechnology by collecting balanced, science-based information and communicating it through a variety of channels. The founding member companies are BASF, Bayer CropScience, Dow, DuPont, Monsanto and Syngenta and two trade associations, the Biotechnology Industry Organization and CropLife America. (http://www.whybiotech.com/index.asp?id=1644; accessed 2/24/03)

COOPER AEROBICS CENTER
 
"Conducts research in exercise physiology, epidemiology, behavior change, children's health, obesity, aging, nutrition, diabetes, neurological disorders, arthritis, hypertension, and other health issues. The Center is dedicated to advancing the understanding of the relationship between living habits and health and to providing leadership in implementing these concepts to enhance the physical and emotional well-being of individuals." (http://www.cooperaerobics.com/corporate/bio.html; accessed 7/16/02) PepsiCo and Dr. Kenneth Cooper, founder of the Center, are partnering to promote nutrition, fitness and wellness. "The PepsiCo/Cooper Aerobics Center partnership will promote healthy lifestyle choices and products such as PepsiCo's Tropicana juices, Quaker Oatmeal, Gatorade and Aquafina purified water." (Dallas Business Journal, April 3, 2002, http://dallas.bizjournals.com/dallas/stories/2002/04/01/daily37.html; accessed 7/16/02; http://www.pepsico.com/press/20020403.shtml; accessed 7/16/02)
 
DEFENDERS OF PROPERTY RIGHTS
 
Based in Washington, D.C., Defenders of Property Rights "was founded in 1991 to counterbalance the governmental threat to private property as a result of a broad range of regulations." (http://www.defendersproprights.org/about/mission.htm; accessed 10/11/01)
 
Board of Directors
  • Becky Norton Dunlop, Vice President for External Relations, The Heritage Foundation
  • Nancie G. Marzulla, President, Defenders of Property Rights
  • Charlie Jarvis, Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer, United Seniors Association
  • Roger J. Marzulla, General Counsel, Marzulla & Marzulla
  • Roger W. Norman, Jr., Partner, South Meadows Development
  • J. B. Love, Managing Partner, Estancias Argentinas, LLC
  • Vicki O'Meara, Executive Vice President and General Counsel, Ryder System
  • David A. Waronker, President, CBD Development Group
(http://www.defendersproprights.org/about/mission.htm; accessed 6/28/01)
 
DONALD DANFORTH PLANT SCIENCE CENTER
 
Research center in St. Louis, Mo., focuses on agricultural biotechnology. Initial funding of $135 million included $50 million from Monsanto Company. (Phone call between Derrick Montgomery, public affairs department, and CSPI, 11/29/00; see also http://www.danforthcenter.org/)
 
ENDOCRINE SOCIETY

According to their website, the Endocrine Society promotes the understanding of hormonal communication at the molecular, cellular, and systems levels to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease, and improve the quality of life.

The society offers companies a wide range of support opportunities including:
  • Sponsor a session at ENDO
  • Sponsor a CME session at ENDO
  • Exhibit at ENDO
  • Advertise in ENDO publications
  • Spotlight your company with press opportunities at ENDO
  • Exhibit at CEU
  • Advertise in the Society journals
  • Reach endocrinologists through our direct mail list
  • Support your research with journal reprints
(http://www.endo-society.org/industry/index.cfm; accessed 2/24/03)

Sponsors of the 2003 Annual Meeting "Endo 2003" include:
  • Abbott Laboratories
  • Amylin Pharmaceuticals
  • Aventis
  • Bayer Diagnostics Division
  • EMD
  • Eli Lilly
  • Genentech
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • Merck
  • Novo Nordisk
  • NPS Pharmaceuticals
  • Pfizer
  • Pharmacia
  • Procter & Gamble
  • Quest Diagnostics
  • Solvay Pharamaceuticals
  • Takeda
  • Watson Pharmaceuticals
(http://www.endo-society.org/scimeetings/endo2003/sponsors.cfm; accessed 2/24/03)

"A Unimed/Solvay educational grant was the sole source of funding for the [April 2000 Andropause Consensus] conference. According to Scott Hunt, the Endocrine Society's executive director, Unimed even suggested some of the panel's members. And, of the thirteen panelists in the final group, at least nine, including Swerdloff and his co-chair, had significant financial ties to the drug company, in the form of research grants, consulting arrangements, or speaking fees. (The New Yorker, 7/29/02, p. 34-8)

ENVIRONMENTAL SENSITIVITIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE
 
"The mission of the Environmental Sensitivities Research Institute is to support sound scientific and medical research into environmental intolerance issues [multiple chemical sensitivity], and to compile and disseminate information on those issues." (http://www.esri.org/purpose.htm; February 2, 2001) "ESRI is primarily sponsored by its member organizations." (Members not listed on web site) (http://www.esri.org/; February 2, 2001)
 
Founded in 1994. Criticizes "multiple chemical sensitivity" (MCS).
 
Board of Directors (May 1, 1997 through April 30, 1999; ESRI list)
 
Members at Large:
  • Richard M. Bednarz, PhD, Amway Corporation
  • Wayne Carlson, PhD, Bayer Corporation
  • Gregory A. Krauss, Esq., Carr, Goodson, Lee & Warner P.C.
  • David K. Wilcox, PhD, Colgate-Palmolive Company
  • Gerald N. McEwen, Jr., PhD, JD, Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association John E. DiFazio, Jr., Esq., Chemical Specialty Manufacturers Association
  • Timothy M. Maniscalo, DowElanco
  • Robert N. Sturm, Jr., MS, Procter & Gamble
  • Allen James, MBA, CAE, Responsible Industry for a Sound Environment
  • Glenn S. Simon, PhD, DABT, Rhône-Poulenc
Members from the Independent Scientific Community
  • Donald W. Black, MD, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Staff Psychiatrist and Psychiatry Research
  • Roy L. DeHart, MD, MPH, FACOEM, FACPM, FAAFP, FASMA, University of Oklahoma, Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology
  • Jordan N. Fink, MD, Medical College of Wisconsin, Professor of Medicine, Allergy & Immunology
  • Frank Mitchell, DO, MPH, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Chief Medical Officer ATSDR, Retired 1995.
Ex Officio Members:
  • Ronald E. Gots, MD, PhD, Executive Director [founder; no longer affiliated with ESRI, as per ESRI memo, 11/9/98]
  • Suellen W. Pirages, PhD, Managing Director
  • Cindy Lynn Richard, CIH, Former Secretary (non-voting).
ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE (EPRI)
 
A "non-profit energy research consortium for the benefit of utility members, their customers, and society...EPRI's multidisciplinary team of scientists and engineers draws on a worldwide network of technical and business expertise to help solve todays toughest energy and environmental problems." According to its 2001 annual report, EPRI members include almost 1,000 energy producers as members and 27 of its 30 member Board of Directors represent utility companies. (EPRI Annual Report 2001, http://www.epri.com/corporate/discover_epri/epri_facts/
EPRIAnnualRpt_01.pdf
; accessed 7/10/02)
 
EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR ECOTOXICOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY OF CHEMICALS (ECETOC)
 
A scientific, non-profit association established in 1978 "to provide a scientific forum through which the extensive specialist expertise in the European chemical industry could be harnessed to research, review, assess and publish studies on the ecotoxicology and toxicology of chemicals," ECETOC is "financed by 50 of the leading companies with interests in the manufacture and use of chemicals." Member companies include:
  • 3M
  • Akzo Nobel
  • AstraZeneca
  • ATOFINA
  • Ausimont
  • BASF Aktiengesellschaft
  • Bayer
  • Borax
  • Borealis
  • BP Amoco Chemicals
  • Ciba Specialty Chemicals
  • Clariant
  • Coca-Cola
  • Colgate-Palmolive
  • Degussa
  • Dow Corning
  • Dow Europe
  • DSM
  • DuPont De Nemours
  • ExxonMobil Chemical
  • F. Hoffmann-La Roche
  • Henkel
  • ICI
  • Janssen Pharmaceutica
  • L'Oréal
  • Lyondell Chemical
  • Merck
  • Monsanto
  • Norsk Hydro
  • Novartis
  • Novozymes
  • Perstorp
  • Petresa
  • Polimeri S.r.l.
  • Procter & Gamble
  • Reckitt Benckiser
  • Reckitt Benckiser Italia
  • Repsol Quimica
  • Rhodia
  • Rohm & Haas
  • Shell Chemicals
  • Solvay
  • Statoil
  • Syngenta
  • Unilever
  • Wacker-Chemie

 
(http://www.ecetoc.org/pages/MemberList.cfm; accessed 7/10/02)
 
FEDERAL FOCUS
 
"A non-profit research and educational foundation which . . . works on science policy issues . . . and [organizes] conferences to advance mentoring services, with an emphasis on youth. . . .The organization has increasingly focused on the role of federal health, environmental, and safety risk assessment in evaluating the potential benefits of federal, state, and local regulatory actions." (http://www.fedfocus.org/science/index.htm; accessed 10/02/02)
 
"Entities from which Federal Focus has received grants or contributions, or with which it has engaged in cooperative arrangements, have included the following:
  • American Cement Alliance
  • American Farm Bureau Federation
  • American Iron and Steel Institute
  • American Paper Institute
  • Arkansas State Society
  • AT&T
  • Beer Institute
  • Dr. Eric Bovet
  • Business Council on the Reduction of Paperwork
  • Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association
  • Chemical Manufacturers Association
  • Ciba-Geigy Corp.
  • Citizens for a Sound Economy
  • Communication Systems Development, Inc.
  • District of Columbia Commission for the Arts
  • Edison Electric Institute
  • Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany
  • Ford Motor Co.
  • Friends of Annapolis Symphony Orchestra
  • Friends of the U.S. National Arboretum
  • Gibson Associates
  • Government of the District of Columbia
  • Health and Environmental Sciences
  • Group, Inc.
  • Kentucky Society of Washington
  • Landon School
  • Marriott International, Inc.
  • Multinational Business Services, Inc.
  • National Chamber Foundation
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association
  • National Endowment for the Arts
  • National Paint and Coatings Association
  • NEXTEL
  • Oracle Corp.
  • Owens-Corning Fiberglass Corp.
  • PCS Prime Co., LP
  • Peter Tare, Inc.
  • Philip Morris
  • Photo Marketing Associates International
  • PSI Energy
  • Richard Bray Orchestras
  • Sacramento Traditional Jazz Society
  • Schuller International, Inc.
  • Scientific Advisory Group on Cellular
  • Telephone Research
  • Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc.
  • Solar Energy Research Institute
  • U.S. Department of Commerce
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • U.S. General Services Administration
  • U.S. Office of Personnel Management
  • USA Today
  • Wireless Technology Research, L.L.C."
(http://www.fedfocus.org/funding.html; accessed 10/01/02)
 
FOOD ALLERGY AND ANAPHYLAXIS NETWORK
 
Established in 1991, FAAN seeks "to be a world leader in food allergy and anaphylaxis awareness and the issues surrounding this disease." "FAAN is supported by membership dues, sales of materials and services, grants, and donations."
 
American Peanut Council funded a $14,000 grant for a research project (4/99 - 3/00) on managing students who have peanut allergies. The principal investigator of the grant, which was funded through Virginia Tech, was Anne Munoz Furlong. (http://oit.caes.uga.edu/peanuts/results.cfm 5/29/01)
 
FAAN has web sites for teens and kids that are "funded by an educational grant from Dey, L.P. (http://www.fankids.org/ 6/5/01) Dey, L.P. is an "Associate of Merck KGaA , Darmstadt, Germany" that makes medications for allergies and respiratory diseases. (http://208.135.48.176/aboutDey.html 6/5/01)
 
Web site funded by a grant from Kraft Foods. (http://www.foodallergy.org/index.html; February 3, 2001)
 
Medical Advisory Board:
  • S. Allan Bock, M.D. Boulder, CO
  • A. Wesley Burks, M.D. Little Rock, AR
  • Clifton T. Furukawa, M.D. Seattle, WA
  • John M. James Ft. Collins, CO
  • James P. Rosen, M.D. West Hartford, CT
  • Hugh A. Sampson New York, NY
  • Scott H. Sicherer, M.D. New York, NY
  • Steve Taylor, Ph.D. Lincoln, NE
  • Robert A. Wood, M.D. Baltimore, MD
  • John W. Yunginger, M.D. Rochester, MN
  • Robert S. Zeiger, M.D. San Diego, CA
     
    (http://www.foodallergy.org/about.html; February 3, 2001)
     
    FOOD SAFETY NETWORK

    According to its website, the Food Safety Network searches out credible, current, evidence-based information on food safety and makes it easily accessible to Canadians and the international community. . . . [It] is funded by a mix of public, private and foundation sources.

    Funders include:
    • ABC Research
    • Adculture Group Inc.
    • AGCare
    • Agri Business Group, Inc.
    • Agricultural Adaptation Council (CanAdapt Program)
    • Ag-West Biotech
    • American Air Liquide
    • Bioniche Life Sciences Inc.
    • Canadian Animal Health Institute
    • Canadian Food Information Council
    • Canadian Livestock Genetics Association
    • Canadian Meat Council
    • Canadian Turkey Marketing Agency
    • CanAmera Foods
    • Caravelle Foods
    • Central Laboratories Friedrichsdorf
    • Chemical Metrology (Institute for Measurement Standards, NRC)
    • ConAgra Foods Inc.
    • Consumer and Biotechnology Foundation
    • Council for Biotechnology Information
    • DuPont Canada
    • Eli Lilly Canada Inc.
    • Fort Valley State University
    • GamRay Consulting, Inc.
    • Growmark, Inc.
    • Hort Research
    • Innovative Food Solutions
    • Institute of Environmental Science & Research Limited
    • International Association for Food Protection
    • Luby's Restaurants, Inc.
    • MAF Food Assurance Authority
    • Maple Leaf Foods (Consumer Foods, Pork and Poultry)
    • McCain Foods Limited
    • McDonald's
    • Monsanto Canada
    • National Cattleman's Beef Association
    • National Food Processors Association
    • National Pork Board
    • National Turkey Federation
    • Nestle
    • New Science Management Inc.
    • OMAFRA
    • Ontario Agri-Food Technologies
    • Ontario Corn Producer's Association
    • Ontario Egg Producers
    • Ontario Farm Animal Council
    • Ontario Food Protection Association
    • Ontario Pork
    • Paramalat Canada
    • Pharmacia Animal Health
    • Pioneer Hi-Bred
    • Plant Bioscience Ltd.
    • Plants Program at the University of Guelph
    • Saskatchewan Nutraceutical Network
    • Saugeen River Farm
    • Sensient Flavors Inc.
    • Sobey's
    • Southern Crop Protection Association
    • Syngenta Crop Protection
    • Syngenta Seeds Canada, Inc.
    • Syngenta Seeds USA
    • Tactix Government Consulting Inc.
    • The Canadian Wheat Board
    • Urbana Veterinary Clinic
    (http://www.foodbiotech.org/funding.htm; accessed 2/224/03)

    FOUNDATION FOR CLEAN AIR PROGRESS
     
    The Foundation "was formed in 1995 to provide public education and information about air quality progress." (http://www.cleanairprogress.org/about/index.htm; accessed 10/11/01)
     
    "The Foundation is made up mainly of industry groups, including the American Petroleum Institute, American Trucking Association, and Chemical Manufacturers Association." (The Tennessean, 6/23/98)
     
    "Other companies helped pay for TV and newspaper ads produced by the Foundation for Clean Air Progress, a nonprofit institute funded by energy, transportation and manufacturing companies that operates out of the offices of the public relations firm, Burson-Marsteller." (The Washington Post, 6/17/97)
     
    FOUNDATION FOR INNOVATION IN MEDICINE
     
    Funded by the supplement industry (Nutrition Action Healthletter, April, 1999).
     
    FOUNDATION FOR RESEARCH ON ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT
     
    Based in Bozeman, MT, the Foundation members "are intellectual entrepreneurs, explaining how economic incentives, secure property rights, and responsible prosperity can foster a healthy environment." (http://www.free-eco.org/; accessed 10/11/01)
     
    Received $10,000 from ExxonMobil. (http://www.exxonmobil.com/contributions/public_info.html; accessed 6/27/01)
     
    Corporate funders in 2000
    • Chemical Manufacturers Association
    • Coca-Cola
    • ExxonMobil
    • General Electric Fund
    • Georgia Pacific
    • Haltermann
    • Merck
    • Pfizer
    • Port Blakely Tree Farms
    • Shell Oil
    • Simpson
    • Solvay Management
    • Temple Inland Forest Products
    • Texaco
    • Tindall
    • Union Carbide
    (http://www.free-eco.org/funding.html; accessed 6/29/01)
     
    FRIENDS OF NIDCR (NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DENTAL AND CRANIOFACIAL RESEARCH)
     
    Based in Washington, D.C., the Institute "is a broad-based coalition of individuals, institutions and corporations who understand the critical importance of dental, oral and craniofacial health to the well-being of society." (http://www.fnidcr.org/; accessed 10/11/01)
     
    Corporate Members
    • A-Dec, Inc.
    • Atrix Laboratories
    • Block Drug Corporation
    • Colgate-Palmolive Company
    • Dentsply International
    • Eli Lilly
    • ESPE America
    • GC Corporation
    • Henry Schein, Inc.
    • Implant Dentistry
    • John O. Butler Company
    • The Journal of Practical Hygiene
    • Medical World Communications
    • Optiva Corporation
    • Patterson Dental Supply
    • Procter & Gamble
    • Warner Lambert
    • Zila Biomedical
    (http://www.fnidcr.org/corporate.html; accessed 10/11/01)
     
    The following corporations supported the 2001 Annual Dinner: Procter & Gamble, GlaxoSmithKline, John O. Butler Company, Colgate-Palmolive, DENTSPLY International, and Washington Dental Service. (Friends of NIDCR 2001 Gala Annual Awards Dinner program, on file at CSPI)
     
    This group advocates for funding for the federal NIDCR. Patron ($25,000): Procter and Gamble. Sponsors ($10,000): Colgate-Palmolive Company, GC Corporation, Implant Dentistry. Contributor ($5,000): Atrix Laboratories, Patterson Dental Supply. Many other smaller donors are listed in the newsletter. ("Update" newsletter; September 2000)
     
    FRONTLINE HEALTHCARE WORKERS SAFETY FOUNDATION
     
    Schering-Plough Corp., maker of a drug for hepatitis C, was a founding member of the Atlanta-based organization in 1998. The foundation sponsored a conference in 2000 about accidental exposure to the virus. (Washington Post, 9/12/00, p.1)
     
    GEORGE C. MARSHALL INSTITUTE
     
    The Marshall Institute investigates facts concerning global climate change. The Institute also studies the implications of the Kyoto Protocol upon national security. The Institute is partially supported by the Exxon Education Foundation and American Standard Companies. (http://www.marshall.org/frontpg1.htm, http://www.marshall.org/funding.htm 5/3/01)
     
    GEORGETOWN CENTER FOR FOOD AND NUTRITION POLICY (and CERES FORUM)
     
    As of 4/30/01 Georgetown University is no longer affiliated with the Georgetown Center for Food and Nutrition Policy. The new name of the center is Center for Food and Nutrition Policy.
     
    A risk/benefit assessment on antibiotic-resistance is being supported financially and technically by Animal Health Institute. (Food Chemical News, 4/27/98)
     
    Following four paragraphs from Grocery Manufacturers of America (http://www.gmabrands.com/, September 15, 2000) and Ceres e-mail, 11-6-98: "Tapping into the resources of one of the nation's premier academic institutions, the Grocery Manufacturers of America has formed a new strategic alliance with the Georgetown University Center for Food and Nutrition Policy. The Center ... will work with GMA to foster understanding of issues facing food companies . . . .
     
    "The Center's Director, Dr. Lester Crawford, . . . serve[d] as Academic Advisor to GMA on scientific and regulatory issues dealing with food and nutrition policy.
     
    "GMA's partnership with Georgetown University will provide us with a wealth of information and expertise on emerging issues impacting our member companies, from food biotechnology to new regulations on food safety and nutrition claims," said GMA President and CEO C. Manly Molpus. "The Center will aid us in our mission to provide our members with the latest and more relevant analysis of food and nutrition policy."
     
    "The Center's partnership with GMA is a natural fit because of our mutual desire to foster understanding of food and nutrition policy issues," said Dr. Crawford. "We're able to provide a forum where leaders from industry, regulatory agencies and consumer groups can effectively communicate."
     
    Sara Lee Co. gave Ceres $1 million to provide answers to controlling listeria in meat plants. (Detroit Free Press, 4/30/99)
     
    1999-2000: Analyses of sugar intake and dietary quality was sponsored by the Sugar Association. (Abstract, annual meeting of the North American Association for the Study of Obesity, November 1999)
     
    Advisory Board
    • Jacqueline Balk-Tusa, PhD, Andrews Associates
    • Dennis Bier, MD, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine
    • Steven Daugherty, DuPont, Inc.
    • Caroline Jackson, Chair, Environment and Public Health, EU Parliament
    • Roy Fuchs, Monsanto Company
    • Janet Kelly, Esq., Kellogg Company
    • David Lineback, PhD, Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
    • John Lupien, University of Massachusetts
    • Franklin Loew, Becker College
    • David Macnair, PhD, Campbell Soup Company
    • Manly Molpus, Grocery Manufacturers of America
    • Rainer Roepke, PhD, Akzo Nobel Co.
    • Arpad Somogyi, DVM, PhD, European Union (Consumer Affairs Directorate)
    • Jean Spence, Kraft General Foods
    Science Council
    • Sanford Miller, PhD, Center for Food and Nutrition Policy
    • Maureen Storey, PhD, Center for Food and Nutrition Policy
    • David Lineback, PhD, University of Maryland
    • Lovell Jones, PhD, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
    • Penny Kris-Etherton, PhD, RD, Pennsylvania State University
    • Xavier Pi-Sunyer, MD, MPH, Columbia University
    • Barbara Schneeman, PhD, University of California-Davis
    • Dennis Bier, MD, Baylor College of Medicine
    • Ian Munro, PhD, CANTOX, Mississauga, Canada
    • John Suttie, PhD, University of Wisconsin
    • Connie Weaver, PhD, Purdue University
    GLOBAL CLIMATE COALITION
     
    Based in Washington, D.C., the Coalition "is an organization of trade associations established in 1989 to coordinate business participation in the international policy debate on the issue of global climate change." (http://www.globalclimate.org/; accessed 10/11/01) "Exxon is also a major force behind the Global Climate Coalition, a business lobby that opposed [the] Kyoto [Climate Change Treaty]." (Milwaukee Global Sentinel, 6/2/01)
     
    "Currently, GCC members collectively represent more than 6 million businesses, companies and corporations in virtually every sector of U.S. business, agriculture, and forestry, including electric utilities, railroads, transportation, manufacturing, small businesses, mining, oil, and coal." (http://www.globalclimate.org/; accessed 6/27/01)
     
    "Its members have included American Automobile Manufacturers Association, Amoco, the American Forest & Paper Association, American Petroleum Institute, Chevron, Chrysler, Dow Chemical, Exxon, Ford, General Motors, Mobil, Shell, Texaco, Union Carbide, and more than 40 other corporations and trade associations." (Stauber, John and Sheldon Rampton. Trust Us, We're Experts. New York: Penguin Putnam, 2001)
     
    GREENING EARTH SOCIETY
     
    The Greening Earth Society was created by the Western Fuels Association and holds that industrial evolution is good, and using fossil fuels to enable economic activity is as desirable. GES promotes the benign effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) on the earth's biosphere and humankind. The Society provides information about CO2 and fossil fuels to educators, students, business and media representatives, community leaders and policymakers. Information is provided to the public through the biweekly World Climate Report, the annual State of the Climate Report, the video "The Greening of Planet Earth" and "The Greening of Planet Earth Continues" and its web site. (http://www.greeningearthsociety.org/ 5/9/01)
     
    GUEST CHOICE NETWORK
     
    See CENTER FOR CONSUMER FREEDOM
     
    HABITAT FOR HUMANITY
     
    Habitat for Humanity received materials, time, training and funds, from the Chlorine Chemistry Council (CCC), the Vinyl Siding Institute (VSI) and the Vinyl Institute. The groups work together to provide affordable, vinyl-sided housing for families as well as promote the benefits of vinyl construction products. (http://c3.org/about_ccc/partnerships2.html 6/6/01)
     
    HARVARD CENTER FOR RISK ANALYSIS
     
    Has received funding from numerous corporate sources, including restricted grants from: American Chemistry Council, American Crop Protection Association, American Industrial Health Council, AT & T Wireless, Brookings Institution, California Avocado Commission, Chemical Manufacturers Association, Chlorine Chemistry Council, Electric Power Research Institute, Health Canada, Health and Environmental Sciences Group, International Life Science Institute/Risk Science Institute, National Association of Home Builders, National Institute of Justice, National Research Council, Office of Health Economics, Pfizer, Inc., Public Health Advisory Board, Roche Global Pharmacoeconomic Research, Wireless Technology Research Foundation; also grants from various U.S. government agencies. Unrestricted grants from dozens of companies, 3M, Amoco, ARCO, BASF, Coca-Cola, DowChemical Company, Eastman Chemical Company, Ford Motor Co., Frito-Lay, General Motors, Grocery Manufacturers of America, Hoechst Celanese Corp., Monsanto, Novartis, PepsiCo, Procter & Gamble, Zeneca, and many others. (http://www.hcra.harvard.edu/restricted.html; July 31, 2000; 1999-2000 Annual Report)
     
    HEALTH EDUCATION FOUNDATION / HEALTH COMMUNICATIONS
     
    Health Education Foundation was founded by Morris Chafetz, M.D., former head of the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Health Communications is the for-profit relative.
     
    "...a group supported both by the public and the liquor industry..." (New York Times, 5/25/86, Section 3, page 2)
     
    According to the Los Angeles Times, "[M]ost of the seminars done by Health Communications are sponsored. Among the most active sponsors are Anheuser-Busch and Miller [Brewing Co.]....Others who have sponsored workshops include Heublein; Citicorp, through its Diners Club program, and a number of hotel chains (including Westin, Ramada Inn, Ritz-Carlton, Omni) and restaurant chains. " (1/18/90, p. H18)
     
    "Excellent commitment from our corporate sponsors and the food and beverage industry has allowed us to TIPS-train 200,000 people in six-and-a-half years," said Marc Chafetz [attorney son of Morris], president of Health Communication, Inc. (PR Newswire, 6/28/90)
     
    "... Health Education Foundation, which has received money from the alcoholic beverage industry." (Washington Post, 11/20/97, A24)
     
    "Your paper took it upon itself to point out the fact that Chafetz's foundation has received money from the alcohol beverage industry, a fact that he does not dispute. The alcohol industry, however, is just one of many industries that support the Health Education Foundation." (Letter, Adam F. Chafetz, Washington Post, 11/29/97, A21)
     
    HEALTHY FOUNDATION
     
    A "non-profit organization committed to ending malnutrition in America by providing at-risk populations with basic nutrients through supplementation." Its major sponsors include Longevity Science, Natural Factors, Nutrition Formulators, Tishcon Corp. (http://www.healthfound.org/whoweare/sponsonrs.htm; accessed 6/10/02)
     
    HEALTH EFFECTS INSTITUTE (HEI)
     
    Based in Boston, HEI is "a partnership of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and industry." "The Institute...provides [information] on health effects of pollutants from motor vehicles and from other sources...including carbon monoxide, methanol and aldehydes, nitrogen oxides, diesel exhaust, ozone, and particulate air pollution." "The Institute is supported jointly by the EPA and industry." (http://www.healtheffects.org/about.htm; accessed 10/02/02)
     
    Sponsors for fiscal year 1998-99
    • American Chemistry Council
    • American Petroleum Institute
    • American Suzuki Motor Corporation
    • BMW of North America
    • Caterpillar
    • Cummins Engine Company
    • DaimlerChrysler
    • Detroit Diesel Corporation
    • European Chemical Manufacturers Association
    • European Commission
    • Ford Motor Company
    • General Motors
    • Hino Motors
    • Honda Motor Company
    • Hyundai America Technical Center
    • International Institute of Synthetic Rubber Producers
    • International Truck and Transportation Corporation
    • Isuzu Motors America
    • Jaguar Cars
    • John Deere
    • KIA Motors America
    • Mack Trucks
    • Mazda Motor Corporation
    • Mercedes Benz
    • Mitsubishi Motors America
    • Nissan Motor Company
    • Range Rover of North America
    • Rolls Royce Motor Cars
    • Saab Cars USA
    • Subaru of America
    • Toyota Motor Corporation
    • Volkswagen of America
    • Volvo Cars of North America
    (http://www.healtheffects.org/sponsors.htm; accessed 10/02/02)
     
    Sponsors for the fiscal year 2000-01 include:
    • American Chemistry Council
    • American Petroleum Institute
    • Association des Constructerus Européens d'Automobiles
    (http://www.healtheffects.org/sponsors.htm; accessed 9/20/02)
     
    HUDSON INSTITUTE
     
    "Hudson Institute is an internationally recognized public policy research organization that forecasts trends and develops solutions for governments, businesses and the public."
     
    "Hudson Institute's research efforts and projects are funded mostly through grants and donations from U.S. and international companies and individual supporters."
     
    "Hudson Institute does not advocate an expressed ideology or political position. In general, the institution's viewpoint embodies skepticism about conventional wisdom, an appreciation of technology's role in achieving progress, optimism about solving problems, a futurist orientation, a commitment to individuality and free institutions, and a respect for the importance of religion, culture, and values in human affairs."
     
    The father-son team of Dennis T. and Alex Avery often write about agricultural and environmental issues.
     
    (all above from: http://www.hudson.org/; December 30, 2000)
     
    Based in Indianapolis, IN, the "institute's corporate funding ... includes Monsanto, DuPont, Dow-Elanco, Sandoz, Ciba-Geigy, ConAgra, Cargill, and Procter & Gamble." (Stauber, John and Sheldon Rampton. Trust Us, We're Experts. New York: Penguin Putnam, 2001.)
     
    IOWA PORK INDUSTRY CENTER (IPIC)
     
    The IPIC is "dedicated to serving the Iowa pork industry through educational programs and demonstrations of emerging production and marketing activities. [The IPIC] serves as the central access point for Iowa State University (ISU) programs related to the pork industry [and seeks to] integrate ISU resources that serve the pork industry by serving as an interdisciplinary catalyst." The IPIC receives approximately $180,000 from the ISU Extension program, roughly $100,000 from the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station, and project specific funds from the Iowa Pork Producers Association, the National Pork Producers Council, and other agencies. (IPIC Brochure, on file at CSPI; accessed 9/13/02)
     
    INTERNATIONAL DIABETES FOUNDATION (IDF)

    According to its website, the IDF is a non-governmental organization whose mission is to work with member associations to enhance the lives of people with diabetes. The IDF receives funding from the following contributors in various levels of support:

    Long-term Contributers

    Corporate Partners must have been members of either the Lawerence Circle or the Mayes Circle for a continuous period of at least six years.

    Eli Lilly
    Novo Norkisk A/S
    Roche Diagnostics GmbH
    Servier

    Lawerence Circle

    Corporate Partners are eligible to join the Lawerence Circle when they give support valued at $100,000 or more. . . and are already a Platinum Corporate Partner.

    Bayer Corporation
    Eli Lilly
    GlaxoSmithKline PLC
    Merck, Sharp & Dohme (MSD)
    Novartis Pharma AG
    Novo Nordisk A/S

    Mayes Circle

    Corporate sponsors are eligible to join the Mayes Circle when they give support valued at $50,000 or more. . . and are already a Platinum Corporate Partner.

    Bayer Corporation
    LifeScan Inc
    Novartis Pharma AG
    Pfizer Inc
    Roche Diagnostics GmbH

    Platinum Corporate Partners

    Platinum Corporate Partners pay a membership fee of $10,000 or more. . .

    AstraZeneca R&D
    Becton Dickson Consumer Healthcare
    F Hoffmann-La Roche
    Servier
    Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd.

    Corporate Partners

    Corporate Partners pay a membership fee of $5,000 or more. . .
    Abbott Diagnostics GmbH
    Aventis Pharma
    LIPHA SA
    MiniMed
    Nestle SA
    Sanofi-Synthelabo Groupe

    (http://www.idf.org/home/index.cfm?node=338; accessed 2/24/03)

    INTERNATIONAL FOOD INFORMATION COUNCIL (and IFIC Foundation)
     
    Created in 1986, to "serve as a clearinghouse for information on aspartame and to defend the sweetener from attacks." Original funders included Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, Procter & Gamble, General Foods, and the NutraSweet Group. (Food Chemical News, 1/20/86, p.2)
     
    "IFIC is supported by the following companies from the broad-based food, beverage and agricultural industry: Ross Products Division/Abbott Laboratories, Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc., Jack In The Box, BASF Corporation, Nutrinova Inc., Archer Daniels Midland Company, and Dannon Company Inc, Unilever United States Inc., Cultor Food Science, Inc., The NutraSweet Kelco Company, Nabisco, Inc., Monsanto Company, McDonald's Corporation, Kraft Foods, M&M/Mars, McNeil Specialty Products Co., Nestle USA, Inc., The Pepsi-Cola Company, The Procter & Gamble Company, Zeneca Plant Science, Hershey Foods Corporation, Gerber Products Company, Frito-Lay, Inc., Campbell Soup Company, The Coca-Cola Company, ARCO Chemical Company, Ajinomoto U.S.A., Inc., Best Foods, DuPont Agricultural Products, General Mills, Inc. H.J. Heinz Company, Kellogg USA Inc." (IFIC, undated, received prior to 1999)
     
    IFIC Foundation Board of Trustees, 2001:
    • Daniel B. Dennison, Ph.D.
      Coca-Cola Company
       
    • John. F Manfredi
      Nabisco, Inc.
       
    • Michael S. Mudd
      Kraft Foods
       
    • John T. Gould Jr.
      Unilever
       
    • Fergus M. Clydesdale, Ph.D.
      Department of Food Science
      University of Massachusetts
       
    • Sharon M. Friedman, M.A.
      Department of Journalism and Communications
      Lehigh University
       
    • Jean P. Goldberg, Ph.D.
      School of Nutrition Science and Policy
      Tufts University
       
    • George M. Gray, Ph.D.
      Center for Risk Analysis
      Harvard School of Public Health
       
    • Nancy Wellman, Ph.D.
      Department of Dietetics and Nutrition
      Florida International University
    IFIC Foundation Board of Trustees, 1995-1996:
    • Nancy Wellman, PhD, RD, Professor
      National Center on Nutrition and Aging
      Florida International University, Miami
      Chair
       
    • Sharon M. Friedman, MA
      Iacocca Professor and Director of the Science & Environment Writing Program
      Dept. of Journalism and Communications
      Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA,
      Vice-chair
       
    • John F. Manfredi
      Executive Vice President of Corporate Affairs
      Nabisco, Inc.
      Secretary
       
    • Fergus M. Clydesdale, PhD
      Professor and Department Head, Department of Food Science
      University of Massachusetts, Amherst
      Treasurer
       
    • Sharon Coleman, Director
      Communications and Information Programs
      Scientific and Regulatory Affairs
      The Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta
       
    • Jeanne P. Goldberg, PhD, RD, Associate Professor
      School of Nutrition Science and Policy
      Tufts University
       
    • John D. Graham, PhD
      Director, Center for Risk Analysis
      Professor of Policy and Decision Sciences
      Harvard School of Public Health
       
    • Michael S. Mudd
      Vice President of Corporate Affairs
      Kraft Foods
       
    • Maureen Storey, PhD
      Director, Nutrition Marketing
      Kellogg USA Inc. [1999: at Georgetown University Center for Food and Nutrition Policy]
    According to an Associated Press article on obesity lawsuits, "Hershey Foods and McDonald's gave grants to the International Food Information Council to set up a Web site to encourage children to exercise more." ("Restaurants, food companies say lawsuits wrongly blame them [sic] food for obesity," Associated Press, 1/02/03, BC Cycle)

    INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR REGULATORY TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY (ISRTP)
     
    Serves to "inform and educate scientists, policy makers, the media and the public about the scientific issues affecting the regulatory process." ISRTP publishes the journal Regualtory Toxicology and Pharmacology. Sponsors include:
    • American Chemistry Council
    • Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
    • Dow AgroSciences, LLC
    • Eastman Kodak Company
    • The Gillette Company
    • Indespec Chemical Corporation
    • Merck and Co., Inc.
    • Procter & Gamble Company
    • RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company
    • The Sapphire Group, Inc.
    • Schering-Plough Research Institute
    • SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals
    (http://www.isrtp.org/sponsors.htm; accessed 9/13/02)
     
    INSTITUTE OF FOOD TECHNOLOGISTS (IFT)
     
    "Founded in 1939, the Institute of Food Technologists is a nonprofit scientific society with 28,000 members working in food science, food technology, and related professions in industry, academia and government. . . . [that] advances the science and technology of food through the exchange of knowledge" (http://www.ift.org/inside/; accessed 10/02/02)
     
    Sponsors of the IFT's annual World Congress of Food Science and Technology included:
     
    Gold Sponsors
    • Procter & Gamble
    • USDA
    • Coca-Cola Company
    Silver Sponsors
    • Kerry Ingredients
    • Monsanto
    Silver Contributor
    • Archer Daniels Midland Company
    Bronze Sponsors
    • Land O'Lakes, Inc.
    (http://www.worldfoodscience.org/worldcongress/sponsors.html; accessed 10/02/02)
     
    INSTITUTE FOR EVALUATING HEALTH RISKS
     
    Nonprofit research organization in Washington. Conducted General Electric-sponsored study concerning cancer risk in workers exposed to PCBs. Renate D. Kimbrough did the study. (NYT, 3/10/99)
     
    INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR ALCOHOL POLICIES
     
    A not-for-profit organization dedicated to "helping reduce the abuse of alcohol worldwide and to promoting understanding of the role of alcohol in society through dialogue and partnerships involving the beverage alcohol industry, the public health community and others with an interest in alcohol policy." The Center is "funded by 11 of the leading producers of beverage alcohol."
    • Allied Domecq PLC
    • Asahi Breweries, LTD.
    • Bacardi-Martini
    • Brown-Forman Corporation
    • Coors Brewing Company
    • Diageo PLC
    • Foster's Group Limited
    • Heineken N.V.
    • Miller Brewing Company
    • Molson
    • South African Breweries PLC
    (http://www.icap.org/about_icap/sponsors.html; accessed 7/10/2002)
     
    INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR TOXICOLOGY AND MEDICINE
     
    According to ICTM's "Statement of Capabilities" ICTM provides services of "scientific and medical consultation in litigation; evaluation and remediation support in problems of indoor air quality; performance of human health and ecological risk assessments; scientific support in drug related issues; scientific consultation in regulatory compliance; and clinical medical evaluations….Clients include chemical, oil and other manufacturing companies, casualty insurance companies, states and municipalities, and trade associations."
     
    The "Principals" of ICTM are:
     
    Ronald E. Gots, M.D., Ph.D.
    Barbara Ann Gots, M.D.
    Philip Witocsch, M.D. F.A.C.P., F.C.C.P.
    Sorrell L. Schwartz, Ph.D.
    Suellen W. Pirages, Ph.D.
    Nancy J. Balter, Ph.D.
     
    The following is a partial list of ICTM clients:
     
    CORPORATIONS
    • 3M
    • Allied Chemical
    • AMOCO Oil Company
    • Asbestospray
    • Ashland Oil
    • EXXON
    • Dow Chemical Co.
    • Dupont Chemical Co.
    • Haliburton Corp.
    • ICI Americas Corporation
    • Industrial Petrochemical
    • International Paper
    • Kimberly-Clark Corp.
    • Miller Chemical
    • Monsanto
    • Nabisco
    • Olin
    • Oxypetrochemical Co.
    • PPG
    • Proctor & Gamble
    • Rohn and Haas
    • Safety-Kleen Corp.
    • Shell Oil Company
    • Stauffer Chemical Co.
    • Texaco
    • Upjohn
    • Vesicol
    • Vulcan Chemical
    • Weyerhaeuser
    ASSOCIATIONS
    • Chemical Manufacturers Associations
    • Chemical Specialty Manufacturers Association
    • National Association of Manufacturers

    (ICTM's Statement of Capabilities, on file at CSPI, 4/29/02)

    INTERNATIONAL FOOD INFORMATION COUNCIL (and IFIC Foundation)
     
    Created in 1986, to "serve as a clearinghouse for information on aspartame and to defend the sweetener from attacks." Original funders included Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, Procter & Gamble, General Foods, and the NutraSweet Group. (Food Chemical News, 1/20/86, p.2)
     
    "IFIC is supported by the following companies from the broad-based food, beverage and agricultural industry: Ross Products Division/Abbott Laboratories, Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc., Jack In The Box, BASF Corporation, Nutrinova Inc., Archer Daniels Midland Company, and Dannon Company Inc, Unilever United States Inc., Cultor Food Science, Inc., The NutraSweet Kelco Company, Nabisco, Inc., Monsanto Company, McDonald's Corporation, Kraft Foods, M&M/Mars, McNeil Specialty Products Co., Nestle USA, Inc., The Pepsi-Cola Company, The Procter & Gamble Company, Zeneca Plant Science, Hershey Foods Corporation, Gerber Products Company, Frito-Lay, Inc., Campbell Soup Company, The Coca-Cola Company, ARCO Chemical Company, Ajinomoto U.S.A., Inc., Best Foods, DuPont Agricultural Products, General Mills, Inc. H.J. Heinz Company, Kellogg USA Inc." (IFIC, undated, received prior to 1999)
     
    IFIC Foundation Board of Trustees, 2001:
    • Daniel B. Dennison, Ph.D.
      Coca-Cola Company
       
    • John. F Manfredi
      Nabisco, Inc.
       
    • Michael S. Mudd
      Kraft Foods
       
    • John T. Gould Jr.
      Unilever
       
    • Fergus M. Clydesdale, Ph.D.
      Department of Food Science
      University of Massachusetts
       
    • Sharon M. Friedman, M.A.
      Department of Journalism and Communications
      Lehigh University
       
    • Jean P. Goldberg, Ph.D.
      School of Nutrition Science and Policy
      Tufts University
       
    • George M. Gray, Ph.D.
      Center for Risk Analysis
      Harvard School of Public Health
       
    • Nancy Wellman, Ph.D.
      Department of Dietetics and Nutrition
      Florida International University
    IFIC Foundation Board of Trustees, 1995-1996:
    • Nancy Wellman, PhD, RD, Professor
      National Center on Nutrition and Aging
      Florida International University, Miami
      Chair
       
    • Sharon M. Friedman, MA
      Iacocca Professor and Director of the Science & Environment Writing Program
      Dept. of Journalism and Communications
      Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA,
      Vice-chair
       
    • John F. Manfredi
      Executive Vice President of Corporate Affairs
      Nabisco, Inc.
      Secretary
       
    • Fergus M. Clydesdale, PhD
      Professor and Department Head, Department of Food Science
      University of Massachusetts, Amherst
      Treasurer
       
    • Sharon Coleman, Director
      Communications and Information Programs
      Scientific and Regulatory Affairs
      The Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta
       
    • Jeanne P. Goldberg, PhD, RD, Associate Professor
      School of Nutrition Science and Policy
      Tufts University
       
    • John D. Graham, PhD
      Director, Center for Risk Analysis
      Professor of Policy and Decision Sciences
      Harvard School of Public Health
       
    • Michael S. Mudd
      Vice President of Corporate Affairs
      Kraft Foods
       
    • Maureen Storey, PhD
      Director, Nutrition Marketing
      Kellogg USA Inc. [1999: at Georgetown University Center for Food and Nutrition Policy]
    INTERNATIONAL LIFE SCIENCES INSTITUTE
     
    Founded "in 1978 to work toward a safer, healthier world. ILSI is a worldwide foundation that is making a difference in public health by advancing the understanding of scientific issues related to nutrition, food safety, toxicology, and the environment. ILSI is governed by an Assembly of Members, which includes one representative from each of its more than 400 member companies, and an elected Board of Trustees of renowned scientists from academia and industry, all of whom volunteer their time and expertise. ILSI members represent the world's leading manufacturers of food and food ingredients, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and other consumer products." (http://www.ilsi.org/about/; September 22, 2000) ILSI has branches in about a dozen other countries/regions.
     
    ILSI funders have included: Ajinomoto USA, Anheuser-Busch, ARCO Chemical Co., Dannon, Domino Sugar Corp., Eastman Chemical Co., Kraft Foods, Monsanto, Nabisco, Procter & Gamble, Wm. Wrigley Jr. Co. [ILSI document] ("Members of ILSI," received 7/2/96).
     
    ILSI's fall, 1996, N.Y. Academy of Science conference on fat substitutes was funded in part by P&G (Mother Jones, May/June, 1997, p.14).
     
    1998 ILSI Board of Trustees
    • Dr. G. Harvey Anderson, University of Toronto
    • Dr. James R. Behnke
    • Dr. Roger M. Bektash
    • Dr. Joseph F. Borzelleca, Medical College of Virginia
    • Dr. Fergus Clydesdale, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
    • Dr. G. Coccodrilli, Kraft Foods, Inc.
    • Dr. Oscar Cuper
    • Dr. Peter B. Dews, Harvard Medical School
    • Dr. Victor L. Fugoni III, Kellogg Company
    • Dr. Larry M. Games
    • Dr. Bernard D. Goldstein, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
    • Dr. Yuzo Hayashi, National Institute of Hygienic Sciences, Japan
    • Dr. Marc Horisberger, Nestle Ltd., Switzerland
    • Dr. Shuichi Kimura, Showa Women's University, Japan
    • Dr. Curtis D. Klaassen
    • Dr. Frank N. Kotsonis, Monsanto Company
    • Dr. Louis Lasagna, Tufts University
    • Dr. Gordon Loewengart, Hoechst Celanese Corporation
    • Dr. Alex Malaspina, The Coca-Cola Company
    • Dr. R. Michael McClain, Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.
    • Prof. Dr. Ulrich Mohr, Hannover Medical School, Germany
    • Dr. Keiichi Morimoto
    • Dr. Efren Parada-Arias
    • Prof. Marcel Roberfroid, Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium
    • Dr. Hugh A. Sampson, Johns Hopkins University
    • Dr. Barbara O. Schneeman, University of California at Davis
    • Dr. Yukio Sogo, Snow Brand Milk Products Co., Ltd., Japan
    • Dr. James W. Stanley, PepsiCo, Inc.
    • Prof. Dr. Vichai Tanphaichitr, Mahidol University, Thailand
    • Michael R. Taylor, Esq.
    • Mr. Alfred W. Wishart, Jr., The Pittsburgh Foundation
    • Dr. Yasushi Yamamoto, Kirin Brewery Company, Ltd., Japan.
    Members of ILSI North America (as of July 1996):
    • Ajinomoto U.S.A., Inc.
    • American Maize-Products Company
    • Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc.
    • Archer Daniels Midland Company
    • ARCO Chemical Company
    • Bristol-Myers Products, Cadbury Beverages Inc.
    • Campbell Soup Company
    • Cargill, Incorporated
    • The Coca-Cola Company
    • CPC International Inc.
    • Cumberland Packing Corporation
    • The Dannon Company, Inc.
    • Domino Sugar Corporation
    • E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    • Eastman Chemical Company
    • Firmenich Incorporated
    • Florasynth, Inc.
    • General Mills, Inc.
    • Gerber Products Company
    • Givaudan-Roure Corporation
    • Griffith Laboratories North America
    • Haarmann & Reimer Corporation
    • H.J. Heinz Company
    • Hershey Foods Corporation
    • Hoechst Food Ingredients
    • International Flavors & Fragrances Inc.
    • Kellogg Company
    • Kraft Foods, Inc., Thomas J. Lipton Company
    • M&M/Mars
    • McNeil Specialty Products Company
    • Mead Johnson Nutritional Group
    • Monsanto Company
    • Nabisco, Inc.
    • Nestle USA, Inc.
    • Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc., PepsiCo, Inc.
    • Pfizer Inc.
    • The Pillsbury Company
    • The Procter & Gamble Company
    • Quest International
    • Roche Vitamins & Fine Chemicals
    • Roquette America, Inc.
    • Ross Products Division/Abbott Laboratories
    • Royal Crown Company, Inc.
    • Sethness Products Company
    • A.E. Staley Manufacturing Company
    • Stepan Company
    • Takasago International Corporation (U.S.A.)
    • UOP
    • Van den Bergh Foods Company
    • Virginia Dare Extract Co., Inc.
    • Warner-Lambert Company
    • Whitehall-Robins Healthcare
    • D.D. Williamson & Co. Inc.
    • Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company
    INTERNATIONAL SERVICE FOR THE ACQUISITION OF AGRI-BIOTECH APPLICATIONS (ISAAA)
     
    The mission of the ISAAA is to "contribute to poverty alleviation by increasing crop productivity and income generation, particularly for resource-poor farmers, and to bring about a safer environment and more sustainable agricultural development." It is funded by a donor support group consisting of public and private sector institutions. Some of its supporters include AgrEvo, Monsanto Co., Novartis Seeds, Cargill Seeds, Dow AgroSciences, Schering AG, and Gemeinschaft fur technische Zusammenarbeit. (http://www.isaaa.org/inbrief.htm accessed 4/30/02)
     
    JOINT INSTITUTE FOR FOOD SAFETY AND APPLIED NUTRITION
     
    Receives core funding from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and University of Maryland. Receives funding for certain projects from industry and others. JIFSAN, whose director is David Lineback, has an advisory council consisting heavily of food manufacturers and professors (some of whom consult for industry); also includes three consumer representatives. "Funding for the project [on mercury in the Seychelle Islands] was provided by the FDA (through a supplement to the JIFSAN Cooperative Agreement), the Electric Power Research Institute (present funding $486,000), the National Tuna Foundation ($10,000), and the National Fisheries Institute ($5,000)."
     
    Members of the Advisory Council include:
     
    Private sector industry (all of the industry members make annual contributions in the $5,000 range to help support JIFSAN. Additionally, some help subsidize JIFSAN conferences. CSPI telephone interview with David Lineback, 1-29-01)
    • Bestfoods (Dr. Diani Santucci)
    • Coca-Cola Company (Dr. Michael Carakostas)
    • Campbell Soup Company (Dr. George Evancho)
    • Dean Foods Company (Dr. George Muck)
    • Frito-Lay (Dr. Robert Drotman)
    • General Mills (Dr. Frederick Hegele)
    • Gerber Products Company (Dr. Nicholas Hether)
    • Hershey Foods Corporation (Dr. Stanley Tarka)
    • Kellogg Company (Dr. Tracie Sheehan)
    • Kraft Foods (Mr. Ron Triani)
    • McCormick and Company (Dr. Hamed Faridi)
    • McNeil Specialty Products Company (Dr. Steven Mann)
    • M&M/Mars (Dr. Steven Rizk)
    • Mead Johnson Nutritionals (Dr. Mark Dreher)
    • Monsanto Company (Dr. Jerry Hjelle)
    • Nabisco (Dr. W. Kelly Jones)
    • Ocean Spray Cranberries (Dr. Y. Steve Henig)
    • Odwalla (Mr. Stephen Williamson)
    • Procter and Gamble Company (Dr. Keith Triebwasser)
    • Tropicana Products (Dr. Nancy Green)
    Representatives of Consumers' Interests
    • Consumer Federation of America (Ms. Carol Tucker Foreman)
    • National Consumers League (Ms. Linda Golodner)
    • Safe Tables Our Priority (STOP) (Laurie Girand)
    Academia
    • Lester Crawford (Georgetown University)
    • Dr. Michael Doyle (University of Georgia)
    • Dr. Julie Miller Jones (College of St. Catherines)
    • Dr. Sanford Miller (Univ. of Texas Health Sciences Center)
    • Dr. Michael Pariza (University of Wisconsin)
    • Dr. Stephen Taylor (University of Nebraska)
    • Dr. Connie Weaver (Purdue University)
    Government
    • Dr. Peter Stanley (Central Science Laboratory, MAFF, UK)
    Individuals
    • Dr. Gilbert Leveille (McNeil Consumer Healthcare)
    (except where noted, all of above from http://www.jifsan.umd.edu/Rev99AnRep.htm; January 26, 2001)
     
    KIDNEY CANCER ASSOCIATION
     
    According to a June 2000 Public Citizen report ("Citizens for Better Medicare"), this group, whose 1998 budget was $1.3 million, received grants from various drug companies, including Glaxo Wellcome, $90,000; Schering Plough, $115,000; Hoechst Marion Roussel, $40,000. In 1996-98, drug companies provided $493,000 out of $2.665 million income.
     
    MARCH OF DIMES
     
    Organizational goal: to eliminate health problems that threaten American babies — birth defects, infant mortality, low birthweight, and lack of prenatal care. WalkAmerica 2001, National Corporate Partners: K-mart, Cigna HealthCare, Florida Department of Citrus, Canon, National Peanut Board. (http://www.modimes.org/ShowYourSupport2/
    Sponsors/natlsponsors.htm
    6/6/01)
     
    MERCATUS CENTER - GEORGE MASON UNIVERSITY
     
    Located at George Mason University, Arlington, VA, the Mercatus Center is "an education, research and outreach organization [working] with scholars, policy experts, and government officials to bridge academic learning and real world practice." Since 1996, the Mercatus Center has received $50,000 from Enron and another $10,000 from a foundation set up by former Enron Chairman Kenneth L. Lay and his wife. (Washington Post, 1/25/02, A18) The following is a partial list of donors that have contributed $5000 or more:
    • American Chemistry Council
    • American Health Care Association
    • Chicago Mercantile Exchange
    • Ernst & Young
    • Fannie Mae
    • Freddie Mac
    • International Paper
    • Merrill Lynch
    • Microsoft
    • NASDAQ
    • Pfizer
    • Xerox
    (http://www.mercatus.org/; accessed 7/02/02; Email from Mercatus Center dated 2/14/02 on file at CSPI)
     
    Members of the Mercatus Board of Directors include:
    • Professor Tyler Cowen, Chairman Holbert Harris Professor of Economics, George Mason University
    • Dr. Don Boudreaux, Chairman, Department of Economics, George Mason University & Senior Educational Advisor, Mercatus Center
    • Dr. Richard H. Fink, Koch Industries, Inc. & George Mason University Board of Visitors
    • Dr. Manuel H. Johnson, Johnson Smick Group; George Mason University Board of Visitors & Former Vice Chairman, Federal Reserve
    • Mr. Charles G. Koch, Chairman and CEO, Koch Industries, Inc.
    • Mr. Dwight C. Schar, Chairman and CEO, NVR, Inc.
    • Dr. Roger Silk, Chief Executive Officer , Sterling Foundation Management
    • Professor Vernon Smith, George Mason University; Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences & Member, National Academy of Science
    (http://www.mercatus.org/about/about.html; accessed 7/17/02)
     
    NATIONAL ALLIANCE FOR THE MENTALLY ILL (NAMI)
     
    "[A] November/December 1999 Mother Jones article, 'An Influential Mental Health Nonprofit Finds Its "Grassroots" Watered by Pharmaceutical Millions,' by Ken Silverstein. The article focused on the enormous amount of funding which NAMI receives from pharmaceutical companies, with Eli Lilly and Co. taking the lead by donating nearly $3 million to NAMI between 1996 and 1999. In fact, according to Silverstein, NAMI took in a little more than $11 million from 18 drug companies for that period." (Kelly Patricia O'Meara, Inight magazine, 10/16/2000)
     
    NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS (NASSP)
     
    An organization made up of "approximately 40,000 middle level and high school principals, assistant principals, and aspiring principals from the United States and more than 60 other countries," the NASSP's mission is to promote excellence in school leadership... [by providing] members with a wide variety of programs and services to assist them in administration, supervision, curriculum planning, and effective staff development." http://www.principals.org/about_us/02-01.html; accessed 7/10/02) Sponsors of the various programs include:
    • Coca-Cola Company
    • Herff Jones, Inc.
    • Jostens, Inc.
    • VALIC/American General
    • Wendy's International, Inc.
    (http://www.principals.org/about_us/02-08.html; accessed 7/10/02)
     
    NATIONAL CENTER FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL POLICY (NCFAP)
     
    The Pesticide Use Program became a part of the National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy (NCFAP) on October 1, 1993. The Program focuses on four major objectives:
    • Maintain publicly available national databases on pesticide use.
    • Develop methods and data systems to improve the estimation of pesticide benefits.
    • Provide information needed for implementing the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996
    • Prepare reports, articles, and testimony on pesticide policy issues.
    Fiscal Years 97-98 "Pesticide Use Program" Supporters include:
    • AgrEvo
    • Almond Board of California
    • American Crop Protection Association
    • American Cyanamid
    • Atochem
    • BASF
    • Bayer
    • California Asparagus Commission
    • California Fresh Carrot Advisory Board
    • Cherry Marketing Institute
    • Cranberry Institute
    • Dow Agrosciences
    • Dupont
    • Florida Farm Bureau Federation
    • FMC
    • Gowan
    • Grocery Manufacturers of America
    • ISK Biosciences
    • Mint Industry Research Council
    • Monsanto
    • National Council of Farmer Cooperatives
    • Northwest Horticultural Council
    • Novartis
    • Rhone-Poulenc
    • Rohm and Haas
    • U.S. Apple Association
    • United Fresh Fruit & Vegetable Association
    • Valent
    • Virginia Farm Bureau
    • Western Growers Association
    • Western Pistachio Association
    • Zeneca
    (http://www.ncfap.org/pesticid1.htm; accessed 11/15/2000)
     
    2002 Funders include:
    • American Sugarbeet Growers Association
    • Biotechnology Industry Organization
    • Council for Biotechnology Information
    • CropLife America
    • Grocery Manufacturers of America
    • Illinois Farm Bureau
    • Mint Industry Research Council
    • Northwest Horticultural Council
    • Oregonians for Food and Shelter
    • Arvesta Corporation
    • Aventis
    • Bayer
    • Cheminova
    • E.I. DuPont de Nemours
    • FMC
    • Gowan
    • Griffin
    • Monsanto
    • Rohm and Haas
    • Syngenta
    • American Chemical Society (Division of Agrochemicals)
    • Council for Agricultural Science and Technology
    (NCFAP 2002 Annual Report, http://www.ncfap.org/reports/Annual%20Report.pdf; accessed 9/26/02)
     
    NATIONAL CENTER FOR POLICY ANALYSIS (NCPA)
     
    According to its website, the NCPA is a nonprofit public-policy research institute that receives 70% of its funding from foundations, 20% from corporations, and 10% from individuals.
     
    Founding board members included:
    • Wayne Calloway, President and CEO of Frito-Lay
    • Jere Thompson, President and CEO of the Southland Corporation
    • Robert Dedman, President and CEO of ClubCorp
    • Russell Perry, President and CEO of Republic Financial Services
    • Sir Antony Fisher, President and CEO of the Atlas Foundation
    National Center for Policy Analysis Board of Directors
    • Thomas W. Smith, Managing Partner of Prescott Investors, Inc.
    • John C. Goodman, President, NCPA
    • Pete du Pont, Richards, Layton and Finger
    • James Cleo Thompson, Jr., Chairman of the Board, Thompson Petroleum Corp.
    • Jere W. Thompson, President, The Williamsburg Corporation
    • Dan W. Cook III, Senior Director of Goldman Sachs & Co.
    • Robert H. Dedman, Chairman of the Board, ClubCorp International
    • Virginia Manheimer, Trustee, The Hickory Foundation
    • Henry J. "Bud" Smith, Chairman Emeritus, Clark/Bardes, Inc.
    (all of the above is from http://www.ncpa.org; January 15, 2001)
     
    Supporting Foundations include:
    • DaimlerChrysler Corporation Fund
    • El Paso Energy Foundation
    • ExxonMobil Foundation
    • Eli Lilly and Company Foundation
    • Lilly Endowment Inc.
    • Procter & Gamble Fund
    (Foundation Center - Foundation Directory Online; accessed 2/24/03)

    NATIONAL CONSUMERS LEAGUE
     
    Did PSAs on overuse of antibiotics; underwritten by Merck-Medco. (NCL Bulletin, Jan/Feb 1998)
     
    NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR SCIENCE AND THE ENVIRONMENT
    Formerly COMMITTEE FOR THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR THE ENVIRONMENT

    According to its website, the National Council for Science and the Environment "works to improve the scientific basis for environmental decisionmaking."

    General Supporters include:
    • 3M
    • Alcoa Foundation
    • Amoco
    • AT&T
    • Compaq
    • GE
    • Johnson Wax Fund
    • Monsanto
    • Safety Kleen
    • William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
    Project Funders include:
    • Alcoa Foundation
    • AT&T
    • Compaq Computer Corporation
    The Third National Conference on Science, Policy, and the Environment was sponsored, in part, by AT&T, 3M, Dow Chemical, Progress Energy, and the American Chemistry Council. (http://www.ncseonline.org/NCSEconference/2003conference/page.cfm?FID=2104; accessed 2/24/03)

    NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR AIR AND STREAM IMPROVEMENT
     
    Based in Triangle Park, NC, the Council "serves as an environmental resource for the forest products industry in its broadest definition, addressing a myriad of issues of importance to this industry." (http://www.ncasi.org/; accessed 10/11/01)
     
    The Council's 1999 annual report states it has received a total of more than $900,000 from 78 forest product companies. (NCASI Annual Report; http://www.ncasi.org/publications/ncasi_99.pdf; accessed 6/27/01)
     
    NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY INSTITUTE
     
    Based in Washington, D.C., the Institute "is dedicated to establishing realistic environmental priorities and helping to focus the national environmental debate." (http://www.nepi.org/; accessed 10/11/01)
     
    Received $25,000 from ExxonMobil.
    (http://www.exxonmobil.com/contributions/public_info.html; accessed 6/27/01)
     
    NATIONAL FISH AND WILDLIFE FOUNDATION (NFWF)
     
    "Established by Congress in 1984 [the NFWF is] dedicated to the conservation of fish, wildlife, and plants, and the habitat on which they depend." (http://www.nfwf.org/about.htm; accessed 9/24/02) Corporate partner programs include projects with Budweiser, ExxonMobil, Orvis, PG&E, Phillips Petroleum, Shell Oil, and Sodexho, and over 220 corporations that have contributed $10,000 or more. (http://www.nfwf.org/corporatepart.htm; accessed 9/24/02)
     
    NATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR CANCER RESEARCH
     
    The National Foundation for Cancer Research (NFCR) announced it has endorsed the multivitamin and dietary supplement ONDROX(TM), manufactured by LSI America Corporation in Austin, Texas. (June 3, 1999; PRNewswire)
     
    NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES (NIEHS)
     
    One of 25 Institutes and Centers of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is a component of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), the NIEHS received $1 million from the American Chemistry Council as part of a $4 million Memorandum of Understanding between the NIEHS and ACC to provide research grants "to expand knowledge about the potential effects of chemicals on [human] development." (http://www.niehs.nih.gov/oc/news/accmou.htm; accessed 9/24/02)
     
    NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH CARE MANAGEMENT FOUNDATION
     
    A "non-profit, non-partisan group that conducts research on health care issues, [and] disseminates research findings and analysis that promote and enhance access to health care and efficiency and effectiveness of health care services and delivery." (http://www.nihcm.org/aboutframe.html; accessed 9/19/02) According to a Wall Street Journal article, "40% of the foundation's funding comes from managed-care plans." (Wall Street Journal, 5/29/02, p. A3)
     
    Members of the Board of Directors include:
    • Leonard D. Schaffer - Chairman and CEO, Blue Cross of California; chairman and CEO, WellPoint Health Networks
    • H. R. Brereton Barlow - President and CEO, Premera Blue Cross
    • John S. Brouse - President and CEO, Highmark Blue Cross Blue Shield
    • John D. Forsyth, M.A. - Chairman and CEO, Wellmark Blue Cross and Blue Shield
    • Larry Glasscock - President and CEO, Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield
    • Robert J. Greczyn, Jr - President and CEO, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina
    • Thomas R. Hefty - Chairman and CEO, Blue Cross and Blue Shield United of Wisconsin
    • W. David Helms - President and CEO, Academy for Health Services Research and Health Policy
    • William Marino - President and CEO, Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey
    • Robert L. Shoptaw - President and CEO, Arkansas Blue Cross and Blue Shield
    • Thomas G. Snead, Jr. -
    • Chairman and CEO, Trigon Blue Cross Blue Shield
    • Michael A. Stocker, M.D., M.P.H. - CEO, Empire Blue Cross and Blue Shield
    (http://www.nihcm.org/boardframe.html; accessed 9/19/02)
     
    NATIONAL SLEEP FOUNDATION (NSF)
     
    "An independent nonprofit organization dedicated to improving public health and safety by achieving public understanding of sleep and sleep disorders, and by supporting public education, sleep-related research, and advocacy... [the NSF] Relies on corporate and individual donations, as well as partnerships with corporations, government agencies, and other organizations, to support [its] programs." (http://www.sleepfoundation.org/about.html; accessed 7/10/02) Corporate sponsors of NSF's 2002 National Sleep Awareness Week program include:
    • Sanofi-Synthelabo
    • Sealy
    • Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories
    • Élan
    • Cephalon
    • HotSpring Portable Spas
    • Devilbiss
    • Orphan Medical
    • ResMed
    • Respironics
    • Sepracor
    (http://www.sleepfoundation.org/nsaw/sponsors.html; accessed 7/10/02)
     
    Some of its previous corporate sponsors include:
    • Seale
    • Glaxo Wellcome
    • Select Comfort Corporations
    • Mallinckrodt, Inc.
    • MedAscend
    (National Sleep Foundation 2000 Annual Report, "The Year in Sleep," on file at CSPI; accessed 7/10/02)
     
    According to a Washington Post article on sleep research, NSF has received money from the makers of the sleeping pill Ambien to alert people about an insomnia "public health crisis" as part of a marketing campaign. (Washington Post, A2, 2/15/02)
     
    NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCE (NYAS)
     
    Organizational goal: to advance understanding of science and technology and to use that knowledge to solve problems within the New York region and the world. NYAS, (www.nyas.org) according to it's 2000 annual report, receives money from the following corporations. (This list does not include all sources of support) (http://www.nyas.org/annualreport/ar2000/2000.pdf 6/11/01)
     
      $100,000 and more
      Pfizer Central Research
       
      $25,000-$99,999
      Carter Wallace Inc.
      Pharmacia & Upjohn, Inc.
      Port Authority of New York & New Jersey
      Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz
       
      $10,000-$24,999
      AT&T Foundation
      Astra Zeneca
      Hewlett-Packard Company
      International Food Information Council
      Johnson & Johnson
      Keyspan Energy
      Leboeuf, Lamb, Green, & Macare, LLP
      Smithkline Beecham
      Sumitomo Electric U.S.A., Inc.
      SuperGen
      Wine Institute
      Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories
       
      $5,000-$9,999
      American Chemical Society, New York Section
      Bionumerik Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
      Carnegie Corporation of New York
      Daiichi Pharmaceutical Company
      The General Contractors Association of New York
      Therakos
      ZymoGenetics
    NORTH AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF OBESITY
     
    Sponsors of its 1997 annual conference were: Coca-Cola, Hershey Foods, Kraft Foods, SlimFast Foods. Also Knoll Pharmaceuticals. (Harper's Magazine, March, 2000; p.150)
     
    NUTRITION INFORMATION CENTER (Cornell University)
     
    The group's Calcium Information Center is funded by Tums, and the Garlic Information Center is funded by Kyolic. NIC issued a press release "prepared in cooperation with" the International Bottled Water Association." (Wash. Post, 12/15/98, Health, p. 16).
     
    Did a study on nutrition confusion, supported by the National Association of Margarine Manufacturers (1/13/00; Reuters Health)
     
    OLDWAYS PRESERVATION & EXCHANGE TRUST.
     
    Sponsors conferences to promote traditional diets. The 1/98 conference in Boston was underwritten by the International Olive Oil Council, Bertolli USA, California Avocado Commission, International Nut Council, The Peanut Institute, The Wine Institute, Camere di Commercio della Liguria, Greek Food & Wine Institute, Almond Board, Boston Beer, and others. (Conference program materials)
     
    ONCOLOGY NURSING SOCIETY (ONS)
     
    "A national organization of more than 30,000 registered nurses and other healthcare professionals initiating and actively supporting educational, legislative, and public awareness efforts to improve the care of people with cancer." Online Core Sponsors include:
    • Amgen, Inc.
    • Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    • Bristol-Myers Squibb Oncology
    • GlaxoSmithKline
    • Lilly Oncology
    • Purdue Pharma L.P.
    (http://www.ons.org/xp6/ONS/Login/Splash.xml; accessed 7/10/02)
     
    The following companies have provided support to ONS in the form of research grants:
    • Amgen
    • Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    • Bristol-Myers Squibb Oncology
    • Genentech
    • Jansen Pharmaceutica L.P.
    • Ortho Biotech, Inc.
    • Pharmacia Oncology
    • Purdue Pharma L.P.
    • Roxane Laboratories, Inc.
    • Schering Oncology Biotech
    • SmithKline Beecham
    ( http://www.ons.org/xp6/ONS/research.xml/Funded_Projects.xml, http://www.ons.org/xp6/ONS/research.xml/2000_awardees.xml,
    http://www.ons.org/xp6/ONS/research.xml/CLIR.xml, Research Grants; accessed 7/10/02)
     
    PARENTS AGAINST RITALIN
     
    Founded by an independent distributor for Enrich International (a subsidiary of Royal Numico, a major Dutch company), which markets ephedra as a treatment for ADHD. (Washington Post, A15, 6/18/00)
     
    RIPPE LIFESTYLE INSTITUTE
     
    A research institution in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts. "The various divisions of Rippe Lifestyle Institute work with a diverse group of clients and research sponsors — from Fortune 500 companies to major publishers to small non-profit foundations." A partial list of "clients" includes: Astra Pharmaceuticals, Ciba Geigy, Bozell Public Relations, Cone Communications, Edelman Worldwide, Fleishman-Hillard Communications, Golin-Harris Communications, Hill & Knowlton, International Health and Racquet Sports Association, Ketchum Public Relations, Key Pharmaceuticals, Nabisco/Knox Division, National Cattlemen's Beef Association, Novartis, Pfizer, Pharmanex, Inc. (a division of NuSkin), Roche Laboratories, Inc., Schering Plough Corporation, Stratus KPR, VM Frantz & Co., Whitehall Laboratories. (http://www.rippelifestyle.com/rli/clients.html; October 8, 2000)
     
    According to its web site, RLI proposed and Nabisco accepted a research project to conduct a study to provide the strongest possible evidence of the benefits, if any, from daily consumption of Knox Nutrajoint™. (http://www.rippelifestyle.com/rli/case_studies/nabisco.html; October 8, 2000)
     
    RISK SCIENCES AND PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE
     
    Located in Johns Hopkins University's Bloomberg School of Public Health, the Risk Sciences and Public Policy Institute is "dedicated to the protection of health through education, service and research in risk and policy." (http://www.jhsph.edu/RiskSciences/About_the_Institute/index.html; accessed 9/19/02) The institute was established with a $1.85 million grant from CSX Corp., an East Coast rail and freight company. (Baltimore Sun, 10/10/95, p. B2)
     
    SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY PROJECT
     
    Based in Arlington, VA, the project "was founded in 1990 by atmospheric physicist S. Fred Singer on the premise that sound, credible science must form the basis for health and environmental decisions..." (http://www.sepp.org/abtsepp.html; accessed 10/11/01)
     
    Received $10,000 from the ExxonMobil. (http://www.exxonmobil.com/contributions/public_info.html; accessed 6/27/01)
     
    SENSE OF SMELL INSTITUTE (SOSI)
     
    A "global resource relating to the sense of smell and its importance to human psychology, behavior and quality of life. [SOSI] sponsors innovative scientific research and provides information resources to the public, corporate and academic sectors. [SOSI] also sponsors and conducts educational and public outreach programs."
     
    Current sponsors include:
    • AromaSys
    • Olay
    • Haarmann & Reimer
    • Pochet of America, Inc.
    • Conde Nast
    • Valois
    • Avon
    • Givaudan
    • Johnson & Johnson
    • L'Oreal USA
    • Firmenich
    • Coty
    Past corporate sponsors include:
    • Aromatique, Inc.
    • Caswell Massey
    • Chanel, Inc.
    • The Dial Corporation
    • Christian Dior Parfums
    • Fragrance Resources, Inc.
    • Parfums Givenchy, Inc.
    • Estee Lauder International, Inc.
    • Parfums Nina Ricci
    • Florasynth, Inc.
    (http://www.senseofsmell.org/about/sponsors.asp; accessed 5/21/02)
     
    SHAPE UP AMERICA
     
    Conference on "Diabesity," March 24-25, 2001, financially supported by Aventis, Dairy Management Inc., Kellogg Company, NatraTaste, Ortho-McNeil, RIVA Market Research, Ross Nutrition, Tanita Corporation of America Inc., The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc., Novartis Nutrition. (Information from publicity flyer)
     
    Founded by former Surgeon General C. Everett Koop. Its Web page has noted support from corporations, but doesn't list them. (http://www.senseofsmell.org/about/sponsors.asp, 10/19/00)
     
    It has accepted $100,000 from Wyeth-Ayerst. (Newark Star-Ledger, 2/17/97)
     
    "Sponsors like Weight Watchers International, the Campbell Soup Company, the Heinz Foundation, Time magazine, and the Kellogg Company have agreed to contribute $1 million each over three years to the campaign." (NYT, 12/5/94, p. A20)
     
    In February, 1995, Slim*Fast Foods Company paid for a one-page free-standing insert in Sunday newspapers; the insert featured Shape Up America on one side and an ad for Ultra Slim*Fast — with the Shape Up America logo on the other. (FSI in CSPI's files)
     
    Other million-dollar original sponsors include: Jenny Craig, Slim*Fast; a special project was sponsored by the National Cattleman's Beef Association (information from Hill & Knowlton, which represents Dr. Koop, in phone call to CSPI's M. Jacobson).
     
    SHORT ROTATION WOODY CROPS OPERATIONS WORKING GROUP
     
    The Group is dedicated to promoting woody crop research. A partnership between the U.S. Forest Service, the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the industry-funded National Council for Air and Stream Improvement (NCASI), and university researchers, the organization is supported in part by industry. The organization receives funding from the BASF, B.B. Hobbs, Boise Cascade, Dupont Forestry Products, Morbark, Netafim Irrigation, Rain Bird Agri-Products, Toro Ag/Drip In Irrigation, and Westvaco. (http://www.woodycrops.org/; accessed 6/11/01)
     
    SOCIETY FOR NUTRITION EDUCATION
     
    Based in Washington, D.C., the society "is dedicated to promoting healthy, sustainable food choices and has a vision of healthy people in healthy communities." (http://www.sne.org/; accessed 10/11/01)
     
    Sponsors of the Society's 2001 annual conference
    • California Dairy Council
    • California Dried Plum Board
    • California WIC Program
    • Dairy Council of Wisconsin
    • Dole Food
    • Food Marketing Institute
    • General Mills
    • Kellogg
    • Medela
    • Monsanto
    • National Food Processors Association
    • National Pork Producers Council
    • National Soft Drink Association
    • Nestle
    • Procter and Gamble
    • Produce for Better Health Foundation
    • Stonyfield Farm
    (SNE 34th Annual Conference Proceedings program, on file at CSPI)
     
    SOCIETY FOR WOMEN'S HEALTH RESEARCH

    According to its website, the mission of the Society for Women's Health Research is to improve the health of women through research.

    The Corporate Advisory Council of the society aims to "bridge the gap between the health care industry and the women's health community. . . . The mission of the CAC is to engage the resources of the health care industry and its suppliers in collaboration with the Society to spearhead changes to improve women's health and research."

    Corporate Advisory Council Members
    • 3M
    • Abbott Laboratories
    • AdvancePCS
    • AmericasDoctor
    • Amgen
    • AstraZeneca
    • Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
    • Barr Laboratories, Inc.
    • Baxter Healthcare Corporation
    • Bayer Corporation
    • Berlex Laboratories, Inc.
    • Boston Scientific Corp.
    • Bristol-Myers Squibb Co.
    • The Chlorine Chemistry Council
    • Cytyc Corporation
    • Digene Corporation
    • Dow Corning Corporation
    • Eli Lilly and Company
    • GE Medical Systems
    • GlaxoSmithKline
    • Gynecare
    • Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.
    • IRIS - Global Clinical Trial Solutions
    • Johnson & Johnson
    • Kimberly-Clark Corporation
    • Medtronic, Inc.
    • Merck & Co., Inc.
    • Novartis Corporation
    • Organon Inc.
    • Ortho Biotech
    • Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical, Inc.
    • Pfizer Inc.
    • Pharmacia
    • Playtex Products, Inc.
    • PPD
    • Procter & Gamble
    • Roche
    • Schering-Plough Corporation
    • Solvay Pharmaceuticals
    • SynerMed Communications
    • Wyeth Pharmaceuticals
    (http://www.womens-health.org/contribution/CAC.htm; accessed 2/24/03)

    In April of 2002 the society held a black-tie event in Washington, DC themed "Coming of Age," a salute to the vibrancy of middle aged women. According to a January 2003 Washington Monthly article, "The whole event had been underwritten by the pharmaceutical company Wyeth, which also happens to manufacture Prempro, the drug most widely used in hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) for post-menopausal women. . . . Some participants were taken aback. 'Without mentioning Wyeth,' says one, 'It was like they were doing an ad for Wyeth.' . . . A week later, Wyeth presented the society with a $250,000 check at a special event celebrating the 60th anniversary of Premarin, the company's other HRT drug." ("Hot Flash, Cold Cash," Washington Monthly Online, January/February 2003)

    TRUST TO REACH EDUCATIONAL EXCELLENCE (TREE)
     
    A foundation of the National Association of Secondary School Principals, TREE "promotes equity and excellence in student achievement for disadvantaged youth and their schools...[by] mak[ing] grants to tax-exempt accredited school districts and individual public and private schools, grades 6-12. " TREE accepts funding from foundations, corporations, and individuals. According to its website, the Coca-Cola Company and the National Soft Drink Association, among others, are supporting organizations. (http://tree.principals.org/; accessed 7/02/02)
     
    TUFTS CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF DRUG DEVELOPMENT
     
    An academic, non-profit research group affiliated with Tufts University, Medford, MA. Founded in 1976, the Center's mission "is to provide strategic information for drug developers, regulators, and policy makers on improving the quality and efficiency of pharmaceutical development, research, and utilization." (http://csdd.tufts.edu/; accessed 6/5/02) According to its 2001 brochure "the Tufts Center is funded principally by unrestricted contributions from pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies, contract research organizations [and] trade associations." (TCSDD Brochure, 2001, on file at CSPI; accessed 6/5/02) Some of these sponsors include Abbott Laboratories, Wyeth-Ayerst Research, Johnson & Johnson-Merck, Purdue Pharma, L.P. (http://csdd.tufts.edu/About/SponsorsSay.asp; accessed 7/10/02)
     
    TUFTS UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF NUTRITION SCIENCE AND POLICY
     
    Tufts University School of Nutrition Science and Policy held a conference on fat-modified foods, December 7-9, 1997, that was underwritten by Procter & Gamble. P&G paid Tufts at least $50,000 in addition to the costs of the conference, according to Tufts' Jim Tillotson. [conversation with CSPI/M. Jacobson, Nov. 1999].
     
    Tufts University School of Nutrition Science and Policy's website, Tufts University Nutrition Navigator, is underwritten by a grant from Kraft Foods, Inc. (Website, December 18, 1997) Several of the people who oversee the web site have been industry consultants.
     
    "Tufts University and Women First HealthCare introduce first-of-its-kind dietary supplement line for women over 45." (PR Newswire; June 16, 2000) Tufts School of Nutrition Science and Policy informed CSPI (June 2000; August 2000) that the royalties are split among four entities: the Faculty, the department, the School of Nutrition Science and Policy, and Tufts University. Their research was sponsored entirely by a grant from Women-First Health Care, which is the company they collaborated with, and while they own the license to the product, Women-First have right of first refusal.
     
    VEGETARIAN SOCIETY OF THE UNITED KINGDOM
     
    A registered charity of the United Kingdom that "offers an independent voice dedicated to promoting and providing information on a vegetarian diet." The Vegetarian Society's 'A Whole World of Taste' booklet, an accompaniment to their 2002 National Vegetarian Week, was supported by Canned Food UK, CCL Foods PLC, Discovery Foods Ltd, Fayrefield Foods Ltd, Marlow Foods Ltd, The Mushroom Bureau, and Odysea Ltd. (http://www.vegsoc.org/nvw/presspac.html; accessed 7/12/02; Email from The Vegetarian Society to CSPI, on file at CSPI; accessed 7/12/02)
     
    WATER QUALITY & HEALTH COUNCIL (WQHC)
     
    Established in 1992 as the Public Health Advisory Board, WQHC's mission is "to promote science-based practices and policies to enhance water quality and health by advising industry, health professionals, policy makers and the public." The WQHC is "sponsored by the Chlorine Chemistry Council®."(http://www.c3.org/about_ccc/phab.html & http://www.waterandhealth.org/about/index.html; accessed 7/10/02)
     
    WHARTON RISK MANAGEMENT AND DECISION PROCESSES CENTER
     
    The Center's mission is to "carry out a program of basic and applied research to promote effective policies and programs for low-probability events with potentially catastrophic consequences. The Center is especially concerned with natural and technological hazards and with the integration of industrial risk management policies with insurance." (http://grace.wharton.upenn.edu/risk/; accessed 9/19/02)
     
    Corporate Associates of the Center:
    • ACE USA
    • American Re-Insurance Services
    • ATOFINA Chemicals, Inc.
    • DuPont
    • XL Environmental (formerly ECS, Inc.)
    • Enron Wholesale Services
    • Johnson & Johnson Safety and Industrial Hygiene
    • Phelps Dodge Corporation
    • Risk Management Solutions, Inc.
    • Rohm and Haas Company
    • State Farm Fire and Casualty Company
    • Sun Company, Inc.
    • Swiss Reinsurance Company
    • Tillinghast-Towers Perrin
    • Zurich Insurance Company
    (http://grace.wharton.upenn.edu/risk/corplist.html; accessed 9/19/02)

    ^ Top


    Universities with Corporate Ties
     
    AUBURN UNIVERSITY
     
    SILVICULTURAL HERBICIDE COOPERATIVE
     
    The Cooperative was founded in 1980 at Auburn University, Auburn, AL, to research herbicide use in tree farming. In 1999, the Cooperative received $9,100 from each of the following companies: Champion International, Westvaco, Weyerhaeuser, The Timber Company, Boise Cascade, Temple-Inland, Rayonier, Foley Timber and Land, Gulf States Paper, and Mead Coated Board. In 1999, the Cooperative also received $4,550 from each of the following companies: American Cyanamid, Monsanto, Dow AgroSciences, E.I. Dupont Agriculture Products, and Novartis. (Southern Industrial Forestry Research Council Report No. 7: A Review of Cooperative Forestry Research in the South; http://www.afandpa.org/forestry/Science/SIFRC_rep7v2.pdf; accessed 6/12/01)
     
    SOUTHERN FORESTRY NURSERY MANAGEMENT COOPERATIVE
     
    The Cooperative was established in 1970 at Auburn University, Auburn, AL, to research tree seedling production and use. In 1999, the Cooperative received $7,800 from each of the following companies: Bowater, Champion International, International Paper, Louisiana Pacific, Westvaco, Weyerhaeuser, The Timber Company, Boise Cascade, Temple-Inland, Malpus, Stone Smurfit, U.S. Alliance, Plum Creek, Rayonier, International Forest, and the Bosch Nursery. (Southern Industrial Forestry Research Council Report No. 7: A Review of Cooperative Forestry Research in the South; http://www.afandpa.org/forestry/Science/SIFRC_rep7v2.pdf; accessed 6/12/01)
     
    BOSTON UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER
     
    BOSTON COLLABORATIVE DRUG SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM
     
    The Collaborative was established in 1966 and conducts "studies in the field of pharmaco-epidemiology using large automated patient databases." (http://www.bu.edu/bcdsp/ accessed 10/23/01) Supported in part by grants from Astra AB, Bayer AG, Berlex Laboratories, Boots Healthcare International, Glaxo Wellcome, Hoffmann-La Roche, RW Johnson Pharmaceutical Research Institute, McNeil Consumer Products Company, and Novartis Pharmaceuticals. (J. Clin. Pharmacol. 2000;50:46)
     
    GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY
     
    CENTER FOR HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH AND POLICY

    "The George Washington University Center for Health Services Research and Policy is dedicated to providing policymakers, public health officials, health care administrators, and advocates with the information and ideas they need to improve access to quality, affordable health care."
     
    Funders include:
    • Abbott Laboratories
    • Agouron Pharmaceuticals
    • Bristol-Myers Squibb
    • Carnegie Corporation
    • Dupont Pharmaceuticals
    • Glaxo Wellcome, Inc.
    • HMA, Inc.
    • Hoffman-LaRoche, Inc.
    • The Merck Company Foundation
    • Pfizer, Inc.
    • Pharmacia & Upjohn Company
    (http://www.gwhealthpolicy.org/about.htm; accessed 2/24/03)

    MISSIPPI STATE UNIVERSITY
    See NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
     
    SOUTHEAST DAIRY FOODS RESEARCH CENTER (SDFRC)
     
    NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
    See Also MISSISSIPPI STATE UNIVERSITY
     
    SOUTHEAST DAIRY FOODS RESEARCH CENTER (SDFRC)

    "One of six National [Dairy Research] Centers, [the SDFRC is] funded and managed by Dairy Management Inc. (DMI), a non-profit management organization formed in 1995 by the National Dairy Board (NDB) and the United Dairy Industry Association. One of DMI's main investment areas is basic and applied research relating to dairy products and nutrition. DMI, through its competitive and directed research programs, develops a National Research Plan and implements projects in cheese, butter, milkfat and fluid milk. . . .
    The Operational Advisory Committee (OAC) advises the Center on overall policies and program goals and develops short and long-term research objectives. . . .
    The following companies are SDFRC industrial (OAC) members:
    • Davisco, International, Inc.
    • Dean Foods
    • Hershey Foods Corp.
    • Kraft Foods
    • Land 'O Lakes, Inc.
    • Rhodia, Inc."
    (http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/food_science/sdfrc/sdfrc.html; accessed 2/24/03)

    OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
     
    TREE GENETIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH COOPERATIVE
     
    The Cooperative is working to develop genetically-engineered trees at Oregon State University, Corvallis. The group has obtained permits to grow genetically-modified trees, including research on trees resistant to Monsanto's Roundup herbicide. In 1999, corporate donors included Aracruz Cellulose, Alberta Pacific, International Paper, Potlatch, Westvaco, and Weyerhauser. (http://www.fsl.orst.edu/tgerc/; accessed 7/16/01)
     
    TEXAS A&M
     
    ELECTRON BEAM FOOD RESEARCH FACILITY
     
    This facility, housed on the Texas A&M University campus, is funded by a $10 million investment from the SureBeam Corporation. (http://ifse.tamu.edu/E-beam/facility.html; accessed 9/24/02)
     
    STANFORD UNIVERSITY
     
    GLOBAL CLIMATE AND ENERGY PROJECT (G-CEP)

    A research collaboration whose mission is to study commercially viable technologies that foster the development of a global energy system where greenhouse emissions are much lower than today. According to a New York Times article, the G-CEP was founded by grants of $100 million from ExxonMobil, $50 million from General Electric, $50 million from E.ON, a large German energy company with nuclear and conventional power plants, and $25 million from Schlumberger. (NY Times, 11/21/02, p. A26)

    UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT SANTA BARBARA
     
    DONALD BREN SCHOOL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & MANAGEMENT
     
    "A professional school aimed at training graduate students in rigorous, interdisciplinary approaches to environmental problem solving . . . . [The school is also involved in] the study of humankind's impact on natural resources and other environmental problems, and finding solutions based on a legal, political, and business context." (http://www.esm.ucsb.edu/about/index.html; accessed 9/27/02)
     
    Strategic partners include:
    • Armstrong
    • Milliken Carpet
    • Johnson Controls
    • Pacific Earth Resources
    • Parker Boiler Co.
    • Powerlight
    • Sarnafil, US
    • Southern California Edison
    • To Market
    • Valley Crest Tree Company
    • Waterless, Co.
    (http://www.esm.ucsb.edu/about/strategic_partners.html; accessed 9/27/02)
     
    UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
     
    COOPERATIVE FOREST GENETICS RESEARCH PROGRAM
     
    The Cooperative was established in 1954 at the University of Florida's School of Forest Resources and Conservation in Gainesville to develop genetically-improved varieties of southern pines. In 1999, it received $8,800 from each of the following corporations: Champion International, Foley Timber and Land, International Paper, Packaging Corporation of America, Rayonier, Smurfit-Stone Container, The Timber Company, and Weyerhaeuser. (Southern Industrial Forestry Research Council Report No. 7: A Review of Cooperative Forestry Research in the South; http://www.afandpa.org/forestry/Science/SIFRC_rep7v2.pdf; accessed 6/12/01)
     
    DEFENSE GENES IN FOREST TREES PROGRAM
     
    The Program was established in 1997 at the University of Florida's School of Forest Resources and Conservation in Gainesville to perform genetic research on forest trees. In 1999, it received $20,000 from each of the following companies: International Paper, Rayonier, Union Camp, and Westvaco. (Southern Industrial Forestry Research Council Report No. 7: A Review of Cooperative Forestry Research in the South; http://www.afandpa.org/forestry/Science/SIFRC_rep7v2.pdf; accessed 6/12/01)
     
    FOREST BIOLOGY RESEARCH COOPERATIVE
     
    The Cooperative was founded at the University of Florida's School of Forest Resources and Conservation in Gainesville in 1996 to improve tree farm productivity. In 1999, it received $15,000 from each of the following corporations: Champion International, Foley Timber and Land, International Paper, Packaging Corporation of America, Rayonier, and The Timber Company. (Southern Industrial Forestry Research Council Report No. 7: A Review of Cooperative Forestry Research in the South; http://www.afandpa.org/forestry/Science/SIFRC_rep7v2.pdf accessed; 6/12/01)
     
    UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA
     
    CONSORTIUM FOR ACCELERATED PINE PRODUCTION
     
    The Consortium was established in 1997 at the University of Georgia's Warnell School of Forest Resources in Athens to research pine plantation management techniques. In 1999, the Consortium received $10,000 from the following companies: Boise Cascade, Champion International, Gilman Paper, International Paper, Jefferson Smurfit, Mead Coated Board, Rayonier, Temple-Inland, The Timber Company, US Alliance, Westvaco, and Weyerhaeuser. (Southern Industrial Forestry Research Council Report No. 7: A Review of Cooperative Forestry Research in the South; http://www.afandpa.org/forestry/Science/SIFRC_rep7v2.pdf; accessed 6/12/01)
     
    PLANTATION MANAGEMENT RESEARCH COOPERATIVE
     
    The Cooperative was established in 1976 to research tree plantation management techniques. Located at the University of Georgia's Warnell School of Forest Resources in Athens, in 1999, the Cooperative received $8,750 from the following corporations: Boise Cascade, Champion International, Foley Timber and Land Company, Gilman Paper, International Paper, Jefferson Smurfit, Mead Coated Board, Rayonier, Temple-Inland, Tenneco Packaging, The Timber Company, Westvaco, and Weyerhaeuser. (Southern Industrial Forestry Research Council Report No. 7: A Review of Cooperative Forestry Research in the South; http://www.afandpa.org/forestry/Science/SIFRC_rep7v2.pdf; accessed 6/12/01)
     
    WOOD QUALITY CONSORTIUM
     
    The Consortium was established in 1999 at the University of Georgia's Warnell School of Forest Resources in Athens to study fast-growing plantation pines. In 1999, the Consortium received $8,000 from each of the following companies: Boise Cascade, Champion International, Mead, Rayonier, Smurfit-Stone Container, Temple-Inland, The Timber Company, and Weyerhaeuser. (Southern Industrial Forestry Research Council Report No. 7: A Review of Cooperative Forestry Research in the South; http://www.afandpa.org/forestry/Science/SIFRC_rep7v2.pdf; accessed 6/12/01)
     
    UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL
     
    SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
     
    "Received a five-year $500,000 unrestricted neuroscience research grant from the Bristol-Myers Squibb Company for research in the neurobiology, pharmacology and treatment of schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders."
     
    VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY AND STATE UNIVERSITY
     
    LOBLOLLY PINE GROWTH AND YIELD RESEARCH COOPERATIVE
     
    The Cooperative was founded in 1979 at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg to research pine cultivation. In 1999, the Cooperative received $9,800 from each of the following companies: Boise Cascade, Bowater Inc., Champion International, International Paper, Mead, The Timber Company, Temple-Inland, James M. Vardaman & Company, Westvaco, Weyerhaeuser, and Willamette Industries. (Southern Industrial Forestry Research Council Report No. 7: A Review of Cooperative Forestry Research in the South; http://www.afandpa.org/forestry/Science/SIFRC_rep7v2.pdf; accessed 6/12/01)
     
    UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA
     
    CENTER FOR BIOETHICS

    According to its website, the Center for Bioethics is involved in bioethics research and its deployment in the ethical, efficient, and compassionate practice of the life sciences and medicine.

    It receives funding support from AstraZeneca, Cephalon, Chiron Corporation, Du Pont, Fujisawa Healthcare, Genomics Collaborative, GlaxoSmithKline, Independence Blue Cross, Johnson & Johnson, Merck & Co., Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Schering-Plough Corporation. Corporate funding makes up 4% of the total budget for the center. (http://www.med.upenn.edu/bioethic/funds/; accessed 2/24/03)

    ^ Top


     
  • Integrity in Science