Table 4     
FOSHU-approved products (partial list) classified by ingredients used and intended benefit or effect, 1991 to 1997

Prebiotics (oligosaccharides)

  • soy-oligosaccharide
  • xylo-oligosaccharide
  • galacto-oligosaccharide
  • fructo-oligosaccharide
  • isomalto-oligosaccharide
  • lacto-fructo-oligosaccharide (lactosucrose)
  • lactulose
Probiotics (bacteria)
  • Bifidobacterium longum
  • Lactobacillus delbrueckii sub-species bulgaricus type 2038 and Streptococcus salivarius sub-species thermophilus type 1131
  • Lactobacillus GG strain
  • Lactobacillus acidophilus SBT-2062 and Bifidobacterium longum SBT-2928
  • calcium citrate malate (CCM)
  • heme iron
  • casein phosphopeptide (CPP)
Dietary fiber
  • polydextrose
  • indigestible dextrin
  • wheat bran
  • partially depolymerised guarana
  • psyllium seed coat
Non-cariogenic sweeteners
  • palatinose and maltitol
  • palatinose, maltitol, and green tea polyphenols
  • palatinose and green tea polyphenols
  • reduced palatinose, maltitol, erythritol, and green tea polyphenols
Hypertension control
  • casein dodecapeptide
  • lacto peptides
  • infusion of tochu leaves
  • oligopeptides
Cholesterol control
  • soy protein isolate
  • low-molecular-weight sodium alginate
  • chitosan
Foods from which substances have been removed
  • hypoallergenic rice
  • low-phosphorus milk powder
Source: Michael Heasman & Julian Mellentin, Japan — the Regulation and Marketing of Functional Foods and Beverages in The Business of Healthy Eating — Global Trends, Developments, and Strategies in Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals, (Financial Times Business Ltd., London Oct. 1998) citing JAPANSCAN.