Produce-Related Outbreaks,
1990-1999
Return

  Date Vehicle Etiology Reported Cases States/ Provinces
1 1990 Tomatoes Salmonella javiana 174 4
2 Apr. - Sept. 1990 Strawberries Hepatitis A 51 2:GA, MT
3 July 1990 Salad (vegetable) Hepatitis A 3 1:CA
4 Nov. 1990 Raw vegetables Giardia lamblia 27 Not available
5 1991 Watermelon Salmonella javiana 39 Not available
6 June - July 1991 Cantaloupe Salmonella poona >400 23/Can.
7 Aug. 1991 Coconut milk Vibrio cholerae 4 1:MD
8 Oct. - Nov. 1991 Apple cider E. coli O157:H7 23 1:MA
9 July - Aug. 1992 Salad (vegetable) Shigella flexneri 46 2:MI, OH
10 Sept. 1992 Vegetables E. coli O157:H7 4 1:ME
11 1993 Apple cider Cryptosporidium 213 1:ME
12 1993 Tomatoes Salmonella montevideo 100 4
13 Mar. 1993 Garden salad Enterotoxigenic E. coli 47 1:RI
14 July 1993 Pea salad E. coli O157:H7 16 1:WA
15 Aug. 1993 Cantaloupe E. coli O157:H7 27 1:OR
16 Aug. 1993 Salad bar E. coli O157:H7 53 1:WA
17 Apr. 1994 Potatoes Clostridium botulinum 30 1:TX
18 June - Aug. 1994 Scallions Shigella flexneri 53 7
19 Fall 1994 Potato salad (unconfirmed) Listeria monocytogenes Not available 12
20 Mar. - July 1995 Alfalfa sprouts Salmonella stanley 242 17/Finland
21 May - Aug. 1995 Orange juice Salmonella hartford;
Salmonella gaminara;
Salmonella rubislaw
63 21
22 Fall 1995 -
Spring 1996
Alfalfa sprouts Salmonella newport 133 (OR; BC) 7/Can./ Denmark
23 July 1995 Lettuce (leafy green, red, romaine) E. coli O157:H7 >70 1:MT
24 Sept. 1995 Lettuce (romaine) E. coli O157:H7 20 1:ID
25 Sept. 1995 Lettuce (iceberg) E. coli O157:H7 30 1:ME
26 Oct. 1995 Lettuce (iceberg; unconfirmed) E. coli O157:H7 11 1:OH
27 May - June 1996 Lettuce (mesclun; red leaf) E. coli O157:H7 61 3:CT, IL, NY
28 May - June 1996 Raspberries Cyclospora cayetanensis 1465 21/2:ONT, QUE
29 May - June 1996 Alfalfa and clover sprouts Salmonella montevideo; Salmonella meleagridis >600 1:CA
30 Aug. 1996 Lettuce Campylobacter jejuni 14 1:OK
31 Sept. - Oct. 1996 Apple cider Cryptosporidium parvum 31 1:NY
32 Oct. 1996 Apple cider E. coli O157:H7 14 1:CT
33 Oct. 1996 Apple cider E. coli O157:H7 6 1:WA
34 Oct. 1996 Apple juice E. coli O157:H7 70 3:WA, CA,CO/1:BC
35 Feb. - June 1997 Sprouts (alfalfa and other varieties) Salmonella infantis; Salmonella anatum 109 2:KS, MO
36 Mar. - Apr. 1997 Strawberries Hepatitis A 236 1:MI
37 Mar. - Apr. 1997 Lettuce (mesclun) Cyclospora 29 1:FL
38 Mar. - June 1997 Raspberries Cyclospora 762 14/1:ONT
39 June - July 1997 Basil Cyclospora 305 3:MD, DC, VA
40 June - July 1997 Alfalfa sprouts E. coli O157:H7 108 2:VA, MI
41 Aug. 1997 Cole slaw Hepatitis A 44 1:MI
42 Sept. 1997 - July 1998 Alfalfa and clover sprouts Salmonella senftenberg 52 2:CA, NV
43 Dec. 1997 Scallions Cryptosporidium 55 1:WA
44 Dec. 1997 Lettuce (mesclun) Cyclospora 12 5
45 Apr. - May 1998 Alfalfa sprouts Salmonella havana 18 2:CA, AZ
46 May 1998 Salad E. coli O157:H7 2 1:CA
47 May 1998 Cole slaw E. coli O157:H7 27 1:IN
48 June 1998 Alfalfa and clover sprouts E. coli O157:non-motile 8 2:CA, NV
49 June 1998 Potato salad E. coli O6:H16 6500 1:IL
50 June 1998 Fruit salad E. coli O157:H7 40 1:WI
51 July - Aug. 1998 Parsley Shigella sonnei 225 3:CA, MA, MN/2:ALB, ONT
52 Aug. 1998 Lettuce Shigella sonnei 160 1:MN
53 Nov. 1998 - Mar. 1999 Alfalfa sprouts Salmonella mbandaka 62 4
54 Dec. 1998 - Feb. 1999 Mamey Salmonella typhi 13 1:FL
55 Feb. - Mar. 1999 Lettuce (iceberg) E. coli O157:H7 72 1:NE

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