Model Conflict of Interest Disclosure Guidelines
To allow scientists, the public, and policy makers to make more informed judgments about research reports, letters, commentaries, editorials, book and literature reviews, and news articles, and to safeguard the credibility of scientific peer review, we urge all journals to adopt a strong policy regarding disclosing conflicts of interest and publishing those disclosures. That policy should include the following provisions:
Disclosure by authors should be mandatory, not voluntary, and disclosed information should be published alongside articles.
Disclosure by editors and reviewers asked to judge manuscripts should be mandatory, not voluntary, and editors and reviewers should be disqualified from reviewing manuscripts concerning which they have conflicts of interest.
Disclosure should include:
Disclosures of relevant financial interests of the journal's editorial board members should be printed in the journal.